Henri Fayol is something of a hero for recuing a troubled excavation company and turning it into one of France ‘s most successful concerns. Henri Fayol is the establishing male parent of what has become known as the disposal school of direction. Henri Fayol ‘s direction theories were foremost proposed in the early 1900s. Despite many unfavorable judgments, Fayol ‘s theories still form the footing of direction patterns and instructions in the twenty-first century.
The purpose of this essay is to discourse some statement about Henri Fayol ‘s parts to direction today and unfavorable judgment of any of his parts through supplying some writers ‘ position about the advantages of one of Fayol ‘s constructs.
This essay will chiefly follow the composing method of inductive. The writer will take at least 8 articles for mention to cognize about the positions of some professors about the advantages of one of Fayol ‘s constructs and so name them and do a decision at last.
Keywords: Henri Fayol ‘s theories ; Advantages ; Management
Discuss Some Authors ‘ Positions about the Advantages of Fayol ‘s Concepts
Henri Fayol is widely acknowledged as the earliest innovator and advocator of the undertaking of direction ( Parker and Ritson, 2005 ) Henri Fayol ‘s direction theories were foremost proposed in the early 1900s. Despite many unfavorable judgments, Fayol ‘s theories still form the footing of direction patterns and instructions in the twenty-first century.
This essay will take “ discourse some writers ‘ positions about the advantages of Fayol ‘s constructs ” as the rubric to larn about the influence of Fayol ‘s direction theories to the direction patterns and instructions in the twenty-first century. And the aim of this essay is to discourse some statement about Henri Fayol ‘s parts to direction today and unfavorable judgment of any of his parts.
There are about three chief parts in this essay get downing with the debut. And in the 2nd portion, there are about seven parts about the accounts of one facet of Fayol ‘s constructs. And a decision will be made in the terminal.
Some Writers ‘ Positions about the Advantages of Fayol ‘s Concepts
First, Henri Fayol believed that organisational and concerns life was an amalgam of six activities-technical, commercial, fiscal, security, accounting and direction. Harmonizing to this thought, in modern-day times, many directors divide their ain companies into several sections. And about every section takes responsible for one sort of activity. There are many different sentiments about Fayol ‘s construct of six activities. Among them, some writers think that there some advantages of this construct. In the article of “ Emerald Article: Henri Fayol, practician and theoretician-revered and reviled ” , Mr. Pryor and Mr. Taneja stated that Fayol was the first to separate between proficient and managerial accomplishments. Harmonizing to Fayol, employees need to be proficient in all the accomplishments at each degree, but technique accomplishments would be indispensable non merely at the worker degree, but in direction places. Management skills become more and more of import as the employees were promoted to the direction degree. In conformity with this Fayol ‘s construct, the employees in different places can do themselves familiarity with the corresponding cognition and accomplishments. In the article of “ Fayol-standing the trial of clip ” , Miss Jacqueline McLean besides stated that Fayol ‘s construct of six activities were present in most occupations, albeit in changing grades. This stressed the demand for director to possess the needed cognition, accomplishments and competences to proficiently transport out their functions. Fayol was the first advocator of direction instruction. Nowadays, larning from this construct, more and more directors enter into university to accept instruction of MBA to better their direction accomplishments.
Second, with the regard to the map of the direction, Fayol is known for the elements or maps of direction, i.e. planning, forming, coordination, bid and control. As for the organizing, Fayol believed that an organisation ‘s construction was of import, as it facilitated the optimal behavior of its concern. Whether there are advantages of this construct or non remains an unfastened inquiry, In the article of “ Fayol-standing the trial of clip ” , Miss Jacqueline McLean stated that in modern-day society, forming can inquire the directors to transport out an appropriate substructure, which will optimize the organisation ‘s system, resources, processs, procedures and services and enable cognition to be disseminated to those who need it, when they need it. Meanwhile, forming besides can incorporate all sorts of resources of the companies, including human resources, fiscal and material resources. So there are some advantages about the construct. And this construct is besides act uponing the construction of the companies and most of organisations pay more attending to the edifice of the organisational construction. Haier Group, the first and the biggest major contraption manufacturer in the universe, is ever paying its attending to the edifice of the construction all the clip. When the planned economic system was in the highest flight, Haier Group chiefly produced iceboxs, but after China develops its socialist economic system, Haier Group changed its organisational construction and has gained a large success. Under the counsel of Fayol ‘s construct about the organizing, many organisations know about the importance of the construction and pay attending to constructing their organisational chart and therefore addition success. In fact, the edifice of the organisational construction should suit the development of the organisation.
As the expression goes, “ readiness ensures success and unpreparedness enchantments failure ” . So does the development of the organisation. Harmonizing to Fayol, calculating involves analysis the hereafter and pulling up a program of action. About this Fayol ‘s construct, some writers viewed that there are some advantages. In the article of “ Fayol-standing the trial of clip ” , Miss Jacqueline McLean stated that with the development of globalized cognition economic system, the abilities of prediction and planning can derive success in the competition. In the article of “ The foundation of Henri Fayol ‘s administrative theory ” , Mr. Wren, Mr. Bedeeian and Mr. Breeze stated that the most of import of the agencies which one must utilize to guarantee concern success was be aftering. To make an concern, the laminitiss need capital work force, clip and should hold mercantile establishments for the merchandises or service. To calculate these demands and supplying for them is the chief responsible of the directors. So Fayol ‘s construct about planning has its ain advantages. And it besides improves the development of the companies in modern-day times. Due to the loss of electronic mail, Morgan Stanley paid out more than one million millions of dollars. But this event is merely one tip of the iceberg of the enduring a great figure of cost which is caused by the inappropriate information direction. Confronted with this job, British Airway made program and prediction and declared its commercial end: to automatize more and more map and seek their best to develop clients ‘ self-help service system, such as electronic ticket, and even that clients can publish their hearts in their ain place. This scheme made British Airway protocol the development line of life of the companies intentionally.
China has a common stating to shout “ random quadrature does non go perimeter ” , stressing the importance of regulations. And the attachment to regulations of the lower category needs the ace category ‘s supervising and control. Fayol recognized the importance of control within an organisation and support that it ensures “ everything occurs in conformance with established regulations and expressed bid ” . About this Fayol ‘s construct, some writers think that there are some disadvantages, in their sentiments, if the directors control the lower category, the employees can non make their occupations and show their ideas freely. But some writers have written some articles to demo their positions about the advantages of this Fayol ‘s construct. In the article of “ Fayol-standing the trial of clip ” , Miss Jacqueline McLean stated that control is one of the most of import duties of a director and under the control of the directors, the policies and schemes can be implemented harmonizing to program and within budget, set timescales and allocated resources. From this, it can be known Fayol ‘s construct of the importance of the control has advantages. Miss Jacqueline McLean besides stated that control could be seen as the basic map of direction because without it, transporting out the other four maps would be highly hard. The directors of Haier Group lay more accent on the edifice of the organisational civilization. In order to construct perfect civilization, the directors adopt the force of control and organize an organisational civilization accepted by all the employees. And in the article of “ Revisiting Fayol: Anticipating Contemporary Management ” , the writers Parker and Ritson stated that commanding workers can accomplish a great productiveness.
As a celebrated expert in the field of direction, Fayol advocated 14 rules of direction designed to steer the successful director. Fayol ‘s 14 rules of direction are: division of work, authorization, subject, integrity of bid, integrity of way, subordination of single involvements to the general involvements, wage, centralisation, scalar concatenation, order, equity, stableness of term of office of forces, enterprise, and esprit de corps. Many direction experts see his 14 rules of direction to be early foundation of direction theory as its exists today. And some writers have written some articles to demo the advantages of each rule. In the first topographic point, this essay will discourse the advantages of centralisation. Harmonizing to Wren, Bedeian and Breeze ( 2002 ) , the bid made by the higher authorization and which, be it direct or through consecutive degrees in the organisation, reaches all parts of the organisation, and the responses which return in the contrary sense, either straight or through the degrees, to the cardinal authorization, represent what one has justly called “ centralisation ” . And in their article, they stated that centralisation is with the greatest possible single enterprise. But there are besides counterviews, who consider that the decentalisation is better than the centralisation for an organisation and the centralisation will harm personal satisfaction and their self-respect.
In large-scale endeavors, the leaders can non supply personal way to every employee, and under this circumstance, “ hierarchal transmittal of orders ” . In the article of “ some effects of Fayolism ” , when Brunsson discussed direction manner, he pointed out that distant directors should divide the direction and the existent work of the organisation. Some experts give some unfavorable judgment. In their sentiment, the distant directors have to trust on study and due to the coevals of hierarchy, the directors do non hold as many chances to happen out themselves what should make and what has been accomplished as those who are straight involved in supervising the work. But this construct of “ Hierarchical transmittal of orders ” does hold advantages. In the article of “ Fayol ‘s 14 rules of direction so and now: a model for pull offing today ‘s organisations ” , Rodrigues stated that if the directors can divide their managerial work from the existent work clearly, they can hold energy to concentrate on the mark of the development of their ain endeavors and trade with the public dealingss outside the companies. In the article “ Emerald Article: Henri Fayol as schemes: a 19th century corporate turnaround ” , Wren stated that due to the hierarchy, the directors can carry on the endeavor toward its aim. The subdivisions of Nokia in China adhere to the rule of in the beginning. Under this circumstance, the directors can non manage the managerial work since they have to assist employees to cover with jobs. After treatment, they changed the operation schemes and put up the system of “ hierarchal transmittal of orders ” , in which the employees in the lower category should describe their work to his/her ain directors.
Albert Einstein has of all time said that purely, the imaginativeness is the existent factor of scientific research, from which it can be concluded that imaginativeness is really of import for the scientific research. For Henri Fayol, imaginativeness is besides really of import for the development of an organisation and therefore during his 14 rules of direction, he proposed the construct of enterprise. Fayol believed that members should be allowed the chance to believe for themselves because this improves the distribution of information and adds to the organisation ‘s pool of endowment. About this construct, some writers besides stated that there were some advantages. In the article of “ Fayol ‘s 14 rules of direction so and now: a model for pull offing today ‘s organisations efficaciously ” , Rodrigues stated that the induction of direction is really of import for the development. Chinese writer Zhang ( 2012 ) , in his article “ The Analysis of the Enlightenment of Fayol ‘s induction to the Colleges ‘ and Universities ‘ direction ” chiefly analysed that if the direction degree of colleges and universities can pay more attending to the induction of direction, the colleges or universities can win in the competition from other colleges and university. The induction of direction does hold advantages. In the first topographic point, it can better the allotment efficiency of the limited resource and cut down dealing cost. Meanwhile, the induction of direction is the of import force to advance the stableness and development of the endeavor. What ‘s more, the induction of direction can do it possible to spread out the market and to win in the market.
In decision, Henri Fayol, as a establishing male parent of what has become known as the disposal school of direction, made some parts to the direction theories. This essay chiefly aimed to discourse some statement about Henri Fayol ‘s parts to direction today and unfavorable judgment of any of his parts under the subject of “ discourse some writers ‘ positions about the advantages of Fayol ‘s constructs ” and so to larn about the influence of Fayol ‘s direction theories to the direction patterns and instructions in the twenty-first century.
This essay chiefly explained some advantages of Henri Fayol ‘s direction theories, including six activities of endeavors, five maps of direction and 14 rules of direction in the chief organic structure by taking some articles for mention. All in all, Fayol ‘s theories are valuable and relevant for organisational leaders.