American And The Saudi Arabian Society Differences Management Essay


Whitehouse building Inc is a private building company in America. It has a scope of abroad undertakings and activities chiefly for American clients in Western Europe. The company has been awarded a contract to construct a 75 storey hotel and conference Centre in Jeddah, for a Saudi Arabian client. As the client is in Saudi Arabia, the company will hold to choose a undertaking squad comprising of company ‘s US subjects working at place and in Europe.


Whitehouse Construction Inc has suffered loss in the past due to miss of grasp about the European civilization and their manner of making concern. The company is concerned that the differences in civilizations of the West and the Arab states may be disputing in this undertaking. It has been said that if we do n’t larn from the past, we are certain to reiterate the same errors. It holds true for the development of understanding diverseness in civilization. There is a immense cultural difference between US and Saudi Arabia. These differences are likely to impact the building workers and their on the job capablenesss as they would be runing outside their cultural norm.

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Cultural diverseness

Cultural diverseness is the assortment of human societies or civilizations in a specific part, or in the universe as a whole ( ANON, 2011 ) . Communication differences related to civilization may go the beginning of misinterpretations and may take down workgroup effectivity. The cultural diversenesss can be an advantage or an incommodiousness for the house. Indeed, different behaviors or habitsA betweenA people in the same company could be the key to success or on the contrary, the failure excessively.

“ Pull offing diverseness does non intend altering valid outlooks and criterions. It merely recognizes the fact that some groups react otherwise to different state of affairss, and we should seek to cut down the clashs that may ensue. ” ( hypertext transfer protocol: // )

Differences in the American and the Saudi Arabian society

The differences between the societies exist all over the universe and these differences may be due to faiths, old imposts, the value of freedom and development in the societies. Saudi Arabian civilization is bonded by Islamic spiritual instructions and really old imposts. Therefore, it differs from the American civilization, which depends wholly on development and freedom.

The Saudi civilization is a polychromatic society. In this sort of state, the natural rhythm is respected and the clip is shared. Peoples do several things at a clip and they have a really flexible construct of clip and they can easy alter programs or activities.They may put a clip to run into “ sometime in the afternoon ” and on many occasions the agenda is broken, changed or deadline unmet.

Whereas, the United States is considered a monochromatic society, here the things are done one at a clip and the clip is segmented into precise units and clip is arranged, scheduled and managed. They are really punctual and will schedule meetings at a precise clip, such as 2.15 p.m. and anticipate all involved parties to be punctual. For Americans, clip is a cherished resource non to be wasted or taken lightly. The American society has non-working yearss on Saturday and Sunday while Saudi society has non-working yearss on Thursday and Friday.

Bolshevism is more of import in Saudi society as people prefer group activities and they prefer making group work in the companies instead than making it entirely. In contrast, American people prefer making their activities entirely. At work, Saudi people expect the foreman to do all the determinations, and all they do is the accomplishing. In contrast, at work in American companies there is non every bit much difference between people of high and low position and the foreman listens to people at all degrees in the company.

Saudi society is near minded and adult females are non allowed to work. The employees in the company are loath to alterations in the working processs, while in American company employees are more unfastened to alterations. Saudi people ne’er work devotedly without good relationships bing between them and the directors in their work. However, in American company more importance is given to work and they ne’er let the relationship between them and their directors to impact strongly on their work.

Saudi people tend to wish holding many regulations at work and if there were non many regulations, they would non accomplish the marks and would non come to work on clip, so the employer could set a batch of regulations in order to realize his work. In the other manus, American employees prefer less regulations and more freedom in their work to accomplish efficiency. ( http: // )

Impact of diverseness on the American workers

Diversity can move as dual edged blade. If non handled decently it could take to a immense loss which the company had faced before. Due to diverseness, the work civilization and the work environment for the American workers would be wholly different. Coping up with the new environment would be a immense undertaking for them which could even ensue in lessening in the end product of their work. Communication difference related to civilization may go beginning of misconstruing and may take down the effectivity of the full group. In order to avoid a immense impact on the workers, they should be decently selected and an appropriate pre-departure preparation programme should be adopted.

Scheme and standards for choosing appropriate staff:

Face: The cardinal elements of Saudi Arabian civilization are self-respect, regard and salvaging face, these qualities can be maintained with the aid of via media, forbearance and self-denial. The construct of face is a cardinal issue of day-to-day life in a civilization where confrontation and struggle are to be avoided. In Saudi Arabia, the construct of face is used to avoid struggles and to avoid awkward state of affairss and to avoid discomforting others. So the American workers holding human nature and the quality to salvage the face by agencies of non-conflict steps should be selected. In concern context, forestalling face is every bit of import. For illustration, the Saudi Arabian opposite numbers would non wish it if they are placed under force per unit area that places them under discomforting state of affairs. So the staff which can work good in hard state of affairs without losing their cool must be selected.

Muslimism: Muslim ‘s life is governed by Islam and it touches every facet of society within Saudi Arabia. As a consequence, the Saudi Arabian civilization is described as item oriented where more accent is placed on moralss and expected societal behaviors such as generousness, solidarity and regard. These societal imposts and responsibilities besides interfere with the manner the Arabians handle concern traffics. The American staff holding high ethical values and societal behavior should be selected. Besides the staff should be able to bring forth every item of the building undertaking as the Arabs may demand it.

High Context Communication: Saudi Arabian civilization is considered to be a really high context civilization. It implies that the message which people are seeking to convey relies to a great extent on the other communicative cues such as organic structure linguistic communication, oculus contact instead than direct words. A peculiar accent is placed on tone of voice, usage of silence, facial looks and organic structure linguistic communication. Therefore the staff selected should be such that they are cognizant of these non-verbal facets of communicating in any concern traffics and besides the misinterpretation due to false reading of the gestures would be avoided. For illustration, silence is frequently used for contemplation and you should non talk during such periods.

Issues to be included in pre-departure development programme

Attitudes and accomplishments are required for successful behavior of concern in Saudi Arabia differing significantly from those needed in the United States. Distinct social differences can turn winning patterns in one civilization into failures in another. Traditional values and a alone lifestyle persist despite Saudi Arabia ‘s recent outgrowth as a affluent market place. The pre-departure preparation programme should be made compulsory for preparation of all going migratory workers. The preparation plan must include linguistic communication preparation, civilization familiarisation, stress direction, state specific orientation, wellness and safety, authorities strategies etc.

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Working patterns in Saudi Arabia: The work civilization of Saudi Arabia is different than that of America. There are many major points which play an of import function in the manner the Arabians carry out their concern. So, while covering with them these points should non be forgotten. Some of them may be as follows:

In Saudi Arabia concern assignments are necessary and should be scheduled harmonizing to the five day-to-day supplication times and the spiritual vacations of Ramadan and Hajj. Saudi concern civilization is hospitable and relaxed in nature and may do holds in agenda. Hence, it is customary to do assignments for times of twenty-four hours instead than precise hours.

Harmonizing to Arabian civilization Thursdays and Fridays are non-working yearss and Saudi hebdomad begins on Saturday and ends on Wednesday. So the staff must be informed to work on Sabbatums and Sundays and take official remainder on Thursdays and Fridays. The office hours by and large are 0900-1300 and 1630-2000 ( Ramadan 2000-0100 ) , with some regional fluctuations.

The construct of clip is different in Arabia as compared to the western states. Time is non an issue and hence Arabians are by and large unpunctual as compared to the western criterions. So the American staff must non mind if their Arabian opposite numbers are running out of agenda. Despite this, it is non usual for meetings to infringe on day-to-day supplications and meetings should be scheduled in such manner that it does non interfere with the day-to-day supplications.

Initial meetings are by and large long in continuance and treatments to go acquainted with the opposite numbers. These meetings are conducted at a easy gait over tea and java and clip should be allocated for such concern meetings, as they are an indispensable portion of Saudi Arabian concern civilization.

It is considered impolite and violative if a gift is offered in the event and it is non accepted.

Work relationships in Saudi Arabia: For any successful concern it is critical to keep healthy work relationships. The sort of relation may depend upon the civilization and background of the states involved.

Face to confront meetings are by and large preferred by Saudi Arabian concern people.

The key to concern in Saudi Arabia is set uping trust and it is an indispensable portion of Saudi concern civilization. Therefore, every attempt must be made to set up trust and cultivate solid concern relationships before come ining into concern dealing.

Respect and friendly relationship are the values that are held really high by the Arabs. Americans should non bury that in concern scene, favors based on common benefit and trusts are the ways of heightening these cultural values. Often personal connexions and household influence take precedency over the regulating factors in the concern of Saudi Arabia.

Structural hierarchy in Saudi Arabian companies: There exists a duality between subsidiaries and directors within the Saudi Arabian companies.

The people with authorization are accepted and expected to publish complete and specific directives to others.

Age plays an of import function in the civilization of Saudi Arabia and greater regard must be shown to seniors at all times. For case, when come ining a room or recognizing your Saudi opposite numbers for the first clip, you should agitate custodies with most senior individual foremost. You should recognize each of your Saudi opposite numbers separately, doing your manner in the room in anti-clockwise way.

Saudi Arabian concern etiquette: There are certain do ‘s and don’ts in every concern civilization. It is ever good for the concern traffics if we follow the etiquettes as they may work in our favor.

It is necessary to stay by criterions of modestness and frock suitably. For work forces, conservative concern suits are recommended. For adult females, high necklines, arms at least to elbow, and sooner long skirts below the articulatio genus.

Keeping a strong oculus contact and maintaining a closer distance during conversation at both concern and societal scenes are the ways to beef up trust and show regard in Saudi Arabia.

Communicationss occur at slower gait and forbearance is perfectly necessary so Arabian opposite numbers should non be rushed during concern dialogues.

Keeping humbleness and exposing conservative behavior at all times is of import and looking loud or excessively animated in populace is considered as rude and vulgar.

While in a concern meeting do n’t presume that the individual who asks most inquiries is the determination shaper. In Saudi Arabia this individual is considered to be least well-thought-of or least of import. The determination shaper is largely a soundless perceiver. For this ground, if American staff should maintain in head that they should non inquire all the inquiries in the concern meeting. ( http: // )

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