The organisation being studied is IMAX ( Image MAXimum ) Corporation, a Canadian company that specializes in gesture image engineerings. Its activities include design, care and operation of IMAX movie systems every bit good as the distribution to IMAX theaters located worldwide. The cardinal purpose of this study is to discourse the concern and economic environment of IMAX every bit good as its concern schemes. The study is divided into three parts. The first portion provides an analysis of the impact of the external concern environment on the public presentation of IMAX. The 2nd portion focuses on the reappraisal of IMAX ‘s current concern scheme and suggestions on how to better this scheme. The 3rd portion is a contemplation on the tools that were used in the treatment of parts one and two. This involves reflecting on the experience in transporting out the undertakings and saying the challenges involved in utilizing the analytical tools and techniques.
Undertaking 1 – POLITICAL, ECONOMIC SOCIAL AND TECHNICAL ( PEST ) ANALYSIS AND STRUCTURE CONDUCT PERFORMANCE ( SCP ) MODEL
In analyzing the external concern and economic environment of an organisation, the factors impacting on the administration needs to be identified. The usage of PEST analysis is a manner of transporting out the analysis of concern environments. The influencing factors of PEST are categorized into political, economic, societal and technological forces. PEST analysis examines how these factors inter-relate and straight or indirectly impact upon concerns and organisations. Cooper ( 2000 ) province that the usage of PEST analysis is strategic as it helps a concern to place its concern place and market growing. PEST besides ensures that the public presentation of the company aligns with the forces of alteration which affects the concern environment ( Porter, 1986 ) .
Some of the PEST factors impacting IMAX are its figure of theatre locations, clients, providers, cost of movie tickets, rivals, civilization of the environment in which the movies are released, technological promotion of place theater systems, new entrants into the market, usage of large-screen engineering, patented digital re-mastering engineering and unauthorized copying or buccaneering of films.
The promotion of engineering is identified as a major menace to IMAX. There are present and possible IMAX viewing audiences who have found alternate and cheaper agencies of watching movies, even if the quality does non fit that of IMAX. Some of these alternate beginnings are the cyberspace, pay per position Television and overseas telegram. The development of big screen place theater systems is another signifier of engineering that poses a signifier of menace to IMAX. A 2005 survey showed that about 85 % of movie gross came from viewing audiences who watched from the comfort of their places ( Danaher et al, 2009 ) . This promotion in engineering has besides resulted in an addition of cyberspace sites that show unauthorised films and the production of pirated Cadmiums and DVDs which has resulted in monolithic losingss for the movie industry.
Customers are besides a major factor impacting IMAX because human penchants are bound to alter over clip. IMAX creates more of educational films but there has been an addition in the demand for comedies as people are going more interested in films that lighten up their tempers. “ While comedy ‘s primary end is to do people laugh, temper can besides be a window into understanding different societies ” ( Snyder, 2010 ) . IMAX diversifying to this country would run into the demands of client. The clip of the twelvemonth would besides hold an impact on attending at film. The usage of e-commerce in selling activities i.e. the ability of clients to buy tickets online has positively impacted on ticket gross revenues as clients are cognizant of the options they have before go forthing their places and can set their agendas instead than traveling to the film with uncertainness of what films are demoing.
Although IMAX has tried to distinguish itself in the movie market, there are several rivals like Regal Entertainment Group ( RGC ) and AMC Entertainment who produce regular movies and run multi screen theaters. These other theaters produce their movies at much cheaper monetary values and besides produce different genres of movies unlike IMAX. These broader picks make clients more inclined to patronize these other rivals. IMAX besides produces largely documental movies and should do it imperative that the movies produced in a peculiar country match the civilization of the people in that country as inappropriate consideration of the demands of a specific environment would impact IMAX ‘s operations. Furthermore, as most movies can merely be shown in approximately 24 locations at a clip, the refusal of some locations to demo a given movie would significantly cut down net incomes.
In add-on, although IMAX obtains some of the equipments needed from providers, most of the collection of the theatre equipment is done in-house. IMAX has skilled staffs that possess the capableness and experience to set together the constituents. Digital re-mastering engineering is a engineering developed by IMAX Corporation which has been used in the transition of movies such as Harry Porter and Spiderman into the elephantine screen format. This brings a new sing experience into the film. Some other selected movies have been enlarged and besides converted to 3D taking the re-mastering procedure to another degree.
The application of the structure-conduct-performance ( SCP ) is an attack in analyzing the public presentation and industry construction of administrations based on the construction of the industry, house behavior and market public presentation. The Structure, Conduct Performance theory provinces that “ the construction of an industry ( of the grade of concentration ) determines behavior ( collusion and monopolistic pricing ) which determines public presentation ( unnatural profitableness or the rate of return ) ” ( Theron, 2001 ) .
The application of the SCP theoretical account aids in the finding of competition within the market. The construction of the market could be a grade of consumer consciousness about the merchandises offered by the administration every bit good as the degree of competition. Some of the factors impacting upon IMAX are research and development, advertisement and merchandise distinction.
Initially, IMAX was focused on bring forthing and administering big format movies that were educational, yet entertaining and most of its theaters were located in fish tanks, establishments, national Parkss and museums. Presently, IMAX has embarked on an enlargement scheme by constructing film in multiplexes and change overing selected Hollywood movies into IMAX format. In comparing to its rivals in the big movie format industry, IMAX is the lone company that converts commercial movies into big format, doing IMAX a monopolizer in that facet. This allows IMAX to modulate the market for big format commercial movies which is invariably on the addition. IMAX besides distributes its movies to be shown in other theaters to assist advance the movies. IMAX ‘s distinction has led to its monolithic growing in the movie industry in footings of its gross.
IMAX ‘s rivals in the big format movie industry besides pose every bit menace as clients traveling for replacements is on the addition because there are many replacements available and clients can easy happen rivals offering similar merchandises to IMAX at cheaper monetary values. This major separating factor is that IMAX movies are more extremely priced though the merchandise distinction scheme of IMAX still allows clients to buy the tickets and watch the movies irrespective of the high cost. IMAX ‘s major beginning of gross is from long-run theater system rental and care understandings, production and distribution of movies every bit good as the operation of theaters. The in-house collection of engineering used to project films on elephantine screens by IMAX besides helps to salvage costs although most of the major costs are general theatre operations, costs of theatre operations, production of movies and royalties.
As IMAX ‘s major market is the educational and amusement market, school pupils account for approximately 20 % of the population that visit the theaters and bulk of the visits are for jaunt intents ( GPCET, 2010 ) . This occurs largely because a broad scope of movies are suited to school course of studies and teacher resources and the educational market is a important beginning of gross during the hebdomad and school clip.
Undertaking 2 – Analysis OF THE BUSINESS STRATEGY
The changeless promotions in Information Technology and altering consumer wants have led administrations to travel planetary by a world-wide integrating of their concern activities. Efficiently go arounding their activities globally provides the advantage of standardization of consumers wants. Globalisation has been classified as “ worldwide range, world-wide similarity and world-wide integrating ” ( De Wit and Meyer, 2004 ) .
The scheme of a company is concerned chiefly with alining its operational and development activities with concern demands and with seeking strategic advantage for future fight. IMAX operates multinationally with a planetary concern scheme. A house is said to be planetary if its central office is in one state and its operational activities are carried out in one or several other states. In IMAX ‘s instance, its central office is in Canada and has over 470 cinema locations runing in approximately 45 states in the universe. Porter ( 1986:13 ) besides defines a planetary house as “ one in which a house ‘s competitory place in one state is significantly influenced by its place in other states ” .
Having a cardinal central office location allows resources like cognition to be shared globally. It besides allows planetary coordination of nucleus operations and centralised planning. This in bend empowers the administration to expeditiously back up its different maps. This is of great advantage to IMAX as a localized scheme would necessitate to be adapted to a scope of political, economic, societal, cultural and technological forces.
The centralization of IMAX ‘s activities requires that schemes are integrated worldwide for competitory advantage and run intoing its end of presenting the universe ‘s most immersive film experience. This implies that the degree of hazard is increased as a consequence of the integrating of activities. Some of the challenges they face include spiritual and cultural barriers. Bartlett and Ghoshal ( 1998 ) suggest that planetary houses need to hold both a multi-domestic scheme and a planetary scheme to assist cut down these challenges and merge planetary coordination with local reactivity. Some of the alterations that could be made are structuring the concern to suit the demands of specific environments as one merchandise may non fulfill the demands of all its clients.
IMAX movies are alone in the sense that it features big format movies which differentiates it from other movie manufacturers. This format is peculiarly of involvement to viewing audiences who like to watch films on large screens as the films are produce in 3D images. IMAX tries to make its niche by doing a difference in the quality of the movies it produces and turn uping its theaters in esteemed locations. Harmonizing to Galliers and Leidner ( 2003 ) , perpendicular integrating is when an administration controls the production and distribution of its merchandise and services so as to hike that administrations market control. The integrating scheme that has been adopted by IMAX is that of perpendicular integrating and this is evidenced by the fact that it is into distribution, processing and exhibition of its ain movies. Although IMAX is smaller than some of its rivals, it besides distributes the movies it produces. IMAX has gained ownership of several companies that supply the cameras, projectors, sound development and screens and besides has several subordinate companies that work on station production of movies. This scheme helps IMAX to increase control over its providers and to cut down the fluctuation of the monetary values of equipment it requires for its operations.
Besides, since most of the movies are targeted towards kids and younger people, IMAX needs to be cognizant of the difference in the age and educational degree of its clients as this can hold an influence on the demand for its merchandises. As such, its merchandises need to be varied to run into the specific demands of its assorted clients around the universe. Movies should be produced for grownups as this would broaden the market. Another alteration that can be made is in the usage of its engineering which is the chief beginning of competitory advantage. Promotions in engineering could render bing engineering redundant and this would necessitate capital to do alterations to equipment in usage. IMAX can besides change its concern. Ad should besides be increased as most clients are incognizant of the difference between an IMAX movie and a regular movie. These advertizements would inform possible clients of the benefits of the IMAX experience every bit good as the distinguishing factors from other film. Advertising would make consciousness among clients and increase the demand for IMAX movies. Furthermore, IMAX movie tickets cost discourages clients and prevents them from sing the theaters. It is recommended that the pricing of tickets be reduced to promote new clients to sponsor and for present clients to go on utilizing IMAX services clients. This would take to an addition in the demand for IMAX movies as more people would be able to easy afford the cost.
One of the challenges faced by planetary houses is that they try to at the same time function both local and international markets, therefore making a standardized merchandise for all markets. The films created by IMAX are non adapted to the demands of some of its clients in other states. As such, there are movies which do non wholly run into the demands of most of its clients. In add-on, discrepancies exist in the cultural beliefs of different markets. Schoenberger ( 1997:116 ) suggested that “ corporate civilization is by and large viewed as a set of societal conventions encompassing behavioral norms, criterions, clients, and the regulations of the game underlying societal interactions within the house ” . IMAX needs to let each location to do strategic determinations that will run into the socio-cultural demands of the consumers in that specific part. In order to accomplish this, some of the decision-making procedures need to be de-centralised.
IMAX ‘s success can non be entirely attributed to the usage of engineering. Its competitory scheme is non merely in the usage of the engineering but in the focal point of its capablenesss on its distinction of bring forthing movies entirely in big screen format. The usage of this engineering is combined with its concern invention and the ability to implement effectual concern scheme to accomplish its vision. Making several alterations to IMAX ‘s scheme might present a trouble because it might destruct the administration ‘s beginning of distinction that has been unambiguously identified to IMAX.
Undertaking 3 – REFELCTION
This subdivision discusses a brooding position of the experience while using the PEST analysis and SCP theoretical account in the analysis of IMAX ‘s environment every bit good as a contemplation on the analysis of IMAX ‘s scheme. This subdivision seeks to place the challenges faced during the coursework every bit good as alternate techniques that could be applied in future analysis.
In utilizing the PEST analysis, all the factors had to be categorised as political, societal, economic or technological. The usage of this method sometimes is non thorough as there are some other factors that occur beyond this range and a suggestion is to do usage of PESTEL which farther incorporates economic, ecological and legal factors. This would enable more factors which affect the external and internal environment of the administration to be identified and responded to. Furthermore, the coincident usage of Porter ‘s five forces would hold helped place major act uponing factors which could easy be overlooked. Porter ‘s five forces besides combine the industry analysis with concern scheme development for a more comprehensive overview of an administration.
Furthermore, it is non adequate to place all the influencing factors but to besides place the factors which are most likely to alter and the impact these factors will hold on IMAX. As such, each of these factors could be ranked with the highest graded being the factors which are most critical to the concern. A farther analysis will so be to measure the impact of alterations of these assorted factors on the concern. This would be used in planning and besides to enable alterations to be made to the bing scheme. As these factors would impact assorted degrees of IMAX as it is a planetary administration, it would besides be utile to measure which level the factors impact on i.e. locally, nationally or globally. Using the PEST analysis and SCP theoretical account at the same time assists in concern and strategic planning and merchandise development. Hence the consequence of both analysis performed can be fed into the scheme of the concern to place countries for growing and alining those to bing scheme would assist keep competitory advantage.
Reflecting on this coursework has made apparent how the analysis of the factors act uponing an administration could assist with understanding the market construction every bit good as programs for enlargement into new markets. This analysis helps convey better control over the determination doing procedure in administrations. Although the analysis does non supply distinct guidelines to success, it provides a clear program which can be adapted entirely or partly for a positive result, while foregrounding the countries that can be improved upon or done otherwise in future analysis and design of IMAX Corporation.