The Ancient Greeks have influenced the Western civilizations in many ways. The ancient greeks have made many contributions to them in aspects of art, mathematics, philosophy, drama, science, and architecture. These ideas have dramatically changed Western Civilizations, and continue to influence the world. When the Ancient Greeks would expand their empire, they would spread their cultures as well, a form of cultural diffusion.
One of the greatest contributions Greece has made to Western civilizations was philosophy. The most famous philosophers were Plato, Aristotle, and Socrates. Socrates thought that in order to find the truth, you had to ask questions, which is exactly what he encouraged others to do. His student, Plato, informs us of majority of what we know today. Plato believed women and men should all be treated equally, and believed a perfect society was one ruled by philosophers. He believed the government should check each other, and that was the best way a government could be. Then there is Aristotle, who was taught by Plato. Aristotle taught Alexander the great, and then started the impact of philosophy on Western civilizations. Philosophy gave morals and values to everyday life in Western civilizations. Plato has brought the idea of democracy into Western civilizations through his philosophy.
Another significant contribution to the Western civilizations from Ancient Greeks is architecture. Greeks were very good, highly skilled architects who created many beautiful buildings, mostly found on top of Acropolis. The Parthenon is a great example of their work; the composition of it was used within Greek’s architecture, and even used to this day! Some of the designs from Ancient Greeks are even used today, such as the White House, the Capital building, and the Jefferson memorial.
Democracy is perhaps one of the most important contributions to Western civilizations. Democracy derives from Greek, and translates into “People’s Rule”. Athens used direct democracy for their government. We still use this idea today, in America, where people vote to see who the leader becomes, and they vote on what should and should not happen in the government. Solon, an important figure in Ancient Greece, once said that he created laws for the greater good of others. He believed everyone should be equal, and get justice. A lot of the government practices from Ancient Greece are still practiced today, and in Western civilizations. These include, but are not limited to the right to vote, the right to serve on a jury. Although then it was only provided for male citizens, it is the same idea we use today.
In conclusion, we are able to see how the Greeks are the “rock” to Western civilizations. They influenced modern theater, architecture, literature, philosophy, intellect, and much more. The most obvious thing to see is democracy, how this idea that the Ancient Greeks started, is still influencing Western civilizations to a great extent.