The human oculus analyzes the interactions between seeable electromagnetic moving ridges and the objects around us. They take the information and direct it to our encephalons leting us to be able to comprehend these objects. There are photoreceptors that are contained within the retina which is the light-sensing construction of our oculus. One type of photoreceptor, the rod is able to supply low degrees of visible radiation while the other photoreceptor, the cone is able to place inside informations and coloring material. The unsighted topographic point is located in the retina, at the caput of the ocular nervus ( called the ocular phonograph record ) where there are no photoreceptors. Since there are no photoreceptors, the retina can non react to light stimulation. However, the encephalon has a particular manner of flim-flaming our eyes into “ filling in ” the image, doing our ocular perceptual experience uninterrupted. ( Duboc, 2002 ) This can be proven utilizing two simple figures such as a point and a cross.
- Sit at a just distance off from the image and cover your left oculus utilizing your manus.
- Using your right oculus, stare at the point. You should besides be able to detect the cross.
- Slowly move toward the image but go on gazing at the point.
At a certain point, you should merely be able to see the point because the image of the cross is in the tract of your right oculus ‘s unsighted topographic point. By traveling closer to the image, you will be able to see the cross once more. ( Montgomery, 1998 ) In this instance, the encephalon filled in what was immediate around the blind topographic point ( the white country around the cross ) . ( V. Ramachandran & A ; D. Rogers-Ramachandran, 2005 )
- Cover your right oculus and utilize your left oculus to look at the ruddy point.
- Slowly move towards the image but continue to gaze at the ruddy point.
From this presentation, one would most likely connect the two bluish rectangles together to organize one immense rectangle at the blind topographic point. In this instance, your head changed the existent image and made it look that the two rectangles were really one rectangle because this was the most likely image that our head could do sense of. ( Mann, Highfill, & A ; Day, 2004 )
As people age, blind spots become sometimes go more outstanding in the eyes normally due to a disease called glaucoma. This disease amendss our ocular nervus due to intraocular force per unit area that the eyes ‘ ganglion cells ca n’t manage. The force per unit area is so huge that these cells finally die so that, the encephalon will have less ocular urges. Intraocular force per unit area is due to aqueous fluid come ining the oculus in huge sums doing the trabeculate net to be clogged. The aqueous fluid builds up doing open-angle glaucoma. The other type of glaucoma is known as closed-angle glaucoma where the angle between the oculus ‘s flag and cornea is close ( or excessively narrow ) . The aqueous fluid is unable to flux out of the oculus decently which builds up intraocular force per unit area. ( Montgomery, 1998 )
- Chudler, E. H. ( 1996 ) . The Blind Spot.Neuroscience for Kids.Retrieved May 21, 2010, from hypertext transfer protocol: //faculty.washington.edu/chudler/chvision.html
- Duboc, B. ( 2002 ) . The Eye.The Brain from Top to Bottom. Retrieved May 21, 2010, from hypertext transfer protocol: //thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/a/a_02/a_02_cr/a_02_cr_vis/a_02_cr_vis.html
- Mann, D. L. , Highfill, D. R. , & A ; Day, R. B. ( 2004 ) . Fact-finding Lab on “ Filling in ” by the Brain of the Blind Spot of the Visual Field.Association for Biology Laboratory Education. Retrieved May 21, 2010, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.ableweb.org/volumes/vol-25/mini19_mann.pdf
- Montgomery, T. ( 1998 ) . The Ocular Nerve.Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology of the Human Eye.Retrieved May 21, 2010, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.tedmontgomery.com/the_eye/optcnrve.html
- Ramachandran, V. S. , & A ; Rogers-Ramachandran, D. ( 2005 ) . Mind the Gap.Scientific American Mind. 1-2. Retrieved May 21, 2010, from hypertext transfer protocol: //www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm? id=mind-the-gap