Hashim et Al ( 2006 ) Published an article about Foreign Direct Investment in Telecommunication Sector of Pakistan: An Empirical Analysis.Usage of telecommunication sector was universe widely Known and it was considered as the demand for the economic growing. Writer have taken Time series informations from 2000-2006 on quarterly bases, harmonizing to informations availability.The equation they have used is harmonizing to theoretical preparation and so they formed their equation in log -linear signifier. The writer found out the importance of concentrating the vivacious market of Pakistan sing the telecommunication sector. In short the foreign direct investing has a important impact on the telecom sector of developing states like Pakistan and India. Japan ‘s illustration has been discussed in the article. Initially japan had low portion of foreign direct investing which affected the telecom sector but this state of affairs was forced to alter, and now telecom sector in Japan is altering quickly. Even a big population like India, when they started the telecom enlargement programs and divided the state into 21 telecom sectors and so once more India had to travel for the option of the foreign direct investing to originate the plan. The instance of sriLanka is no different, they gave its 35 % of its telecom sector operations to Nipponese companies to get down up the liberalisation processes in the telecom sector in srilanka. In Pakistan the foreign direct investing reached US $ 5,124.9 million in 2005-2006. The foreign direct investing in Pakistan is worsening recently but it is still keeping the major portion in the ingestion of Pakistan telecom users. Currently Pakistan has Mobilink, Paktel, PakCom, Warid and Telenor. Paktel and PakCom to the full working in the state as telecom companies. The survey so concludes that foreign direct investing is the major participant in liberalisation of foreign direct investing in the development states.
AtifTahir, Aug 2008 published an article “ How advertisement impacts behaviour of cellular phone consumer in Pakistan ” .The writer has done secondary research he consulted different research documents and wrote his article. Well harmonizing to author the selling mix concentrated on increasing the purchasing behavior truly has an consequence on consumers. The article states that consumers buy more after these attractive runs, and evidently when u educate people what your services are and how they are better from others clients will decidedly acquire attract. These advertisement are highly effectual in making a demand for a peculiar merchandise or service because when you ‘ll make an effectual advertizement client will watch it and acquire to cognize about the trade name and will acquire to cognize how this trade name is better than his/her current trade name so he/she will exchange to that trade name. Another of import point is to develop a company ‘s place in the head of the consumer merely so these advertisement runs are effectual because when you will make a strong trade name image in market merely so people will pull in your trade name otherwise they will non take you really earnestly so you ‘re positioning scheme should be really strong. It is besides of import to counter the after sale service for these companies to increase the consumer behavior because if they ‘ll non give good after sale services they will non able to do their clients loyal to their trade name. There are several factors affectingthe consumer behavior in Pakistan and they are Brand Image, Brand Equity and Brand Loyalty. A Company needs to take these factors into history while carry oning selling runs. Cellular companies are passing to a great extent on media to pull multitudes. Overall my decision is that the thought of advertisement of these companies has been really succeeded in making demand and increasing consumer behavior.
Mohammad Yusha, Dec 23rd, 2010 published an article “ Craze for Cell Phones and Late Night Packages ” . The writer states that people are purchasing cell phones because of new characteristics or services or few bargain merely to look cool. He used few statistics and secondary research as his informations sampling and wrote his point of position. So harmonizing to the writer people buy latest cell phones merely because they are position witting so they go for expensive French telephones which include different astonishing and latest characteristics. He said adolescents are blowing tonss of money in purchasing new cell phones merely for the ground of show off. He said that in west many foreign pupils do occupations in their free clip merely to pay their cell phone measures because they like to speak to their friends and household alternatively of basking and loosen uping someplace. Another of import point is texting.Texting hold become one of the most of import portion of pupils life they send 100s of text every twenty-four hours to their friends even they are sitting in classduring talks which have become a job for teachersso cell phones have been banned in many universities of the West. Cell phone companies are passing batch of money in their advertisements and they are utilizing different tactics to provide more consumers so they are offering porn material in west and late dark bundles in Middle Eastcountries. Harmonizing to me these late dark bundles and porn material is non good because if pupils will speak boulder clay tardily dark so how will they able to concentrate on their talks and how the workers will able to make their occupations absolutely if they ‘ll dose off late at dark so this is damaging our young person really much cell phone is made for our good non for botching our slumber or blowing money.
Mohammad Yusha, June 5th, 2010 published an article “ Cell Phones: Luxury or Necessity? ” The writer stated that many foreign pupils in west make portion clip occupations merely to pay their cell phone measures. He used secondary research and consulted different research documents for his findings. He said that cell phone have become one of the most of import portion of our lives so we do n’t waver at all by blowing our money on it. He said in west pupil ‘s work on the weekends alternatively of acquiring relax merely for paying their cell phone measures. He said that there are all type of people few are brainsick about cell phones and few do n’t even wish to maintain a cell phone he said that in states like in-between east everyone keeps a cell phone even beggars maintain cell phones and they have made a new manner of imploring they send messages to people indiscriminately that send us 10 rupees recognition and purchase your topographic point in heaven.A man of affairs told The News that he is having more than 10 messages a twenty-four hours by a mendicant that he is really hapless and need somemoney. Harmonizing to me this should be stop authorities and these companies should step in and do some complain Centres so who of all time send such messages consumers can kick and action will be able to take and they should be caught because if they ‘ll non take action right now it will increase twenty-four hours by twenty-four hours and will go impossible to halt.
BushraBhatti, ( n.d ) published an article “ WLL Future – WLL set to revolutionise telecom sector ” . The writer ‘s research inquiry is that a revolution came in telecom sector which resulted in prosperity and taking state ‘s economic system towards advancement. He used secondary research and consulted many research documents and gave his findings. He said that a revolution came in telecom industry which has changed everything of this concern and the figure of users has been increased really much in last few old ages. He said that the PTA has done an first-class occupation by deregulating their sector and by altering their policies in the benefit of industry. This is besides pulling really much to investors who are puting their money in this sector. PTA have generated 30 billion as fee by publishing licenses which have opened many doors for workers who want to work but do n’t hold occupations so in last few old ages Pakistan have become one of the fastest turning state in telecom sector. PTA hasderegulated the sector which finished the monopoly of PTCL. New companies came into being and launched radio French telephones for the consumers who were tired of utilizing defective land lines so these systems were new and holding less mistakes and better call quality and besides cheaper than PTCL. This measure was taken for the benefit of consumers who want to make long distance calls with better quality. WLL service is launched for the easiness of clients who want to utilize phones wirelessly and they have started their operations from rural countries and so came into urban countries because they want to take rural people into state ‘s advancement every bit good. These wireless systems are really good for people because you can reach your friends and household where of all time you are and it is the most preferable medium of communicating in all over the universe and this undertaking worked really good and generated big sum of gross which helped state ‘s economic system.
Khalid Mehmood, 2005 wrote an article on “ Multipurpose community telecenters for rural development in Pakistan ” . The intent of the survey is to measure and analyze the state of affairs of rural population in Pakistan and information installations available for the consumers in the state. This research is largely dependent in the secondary information and different articles were studied from selected libraries. The research paper highlights the function of MCTs in rural community in Pakistan. It besides examines the telecom sector consumer behavior and its use in different Fieldss in the state. The research articles besides mean the importance of bing telecommunication aims of the state and of the companies. There have several theoretical accounts suggested to the authorities of Pakistan for communicating development in the state, and they are being considered under the undermentioned concerns ; economic system, societal and demographic. He is besides speaking about presence of MCT ‘s in rural countries which is a hard undertaking for them to implement. This paper is speaking about improvement of MCT ‘s in footings of policy changing, planning, direction, support, edifice, equipment, engineering, services, mark groups, selling and lastingness. The consequences of the article are that Pakistan is traveling really good in telecommunication sector and is considered one of the most beforehand states in this sector and besides one of the largest sector in this industry. The figure base of users is increasing every bit good really fast twenty-four hours by twenty-four hours. They have settled many telecentres in urban countries but still batch of money will be requires to travel in small town countries. Harmonizing to the author authorities should step in and get down believing approximately small towns every bit good so those countries will besides able to stand like metropoliss.
Umar et al, May 2007 wrote an article “ Boom of Telecom Sector in Pakistan and Its Impacts on Pakistani Culture ” . The research job of the article is to happen out positive and negative impacts of telecom fad in Pakistan on Pakistani civilization and society and want to give importance to our values and beliefs. The research was conducted from the nomadic service operators and the service sellers in the state and besides the possible service suppliers who are mensurating and be aftering their reaching in the Pakistani telecom market. The research method chiefly was the secondary informations aggregation. Questionnaires were besides used to roll up information from the professionals in the telecom field. The research paper aims to supply a elaborate description of the roar in telecom industry in Pakistanhow this industry have been started and how it rises and what its hereafter will be. This article tells us the function of authorities playing in this sector and how they are assisting houses in turning this sector in Pakistan. There are many new concerns came into being because of this sector which have reduced unemployment and became good for the economic system. Another of import facet is that how these all services reached to the general populace. Writers besides stated that how this sector is assisting people of Pakistan and their beliefs and their civilizations and at last they concluded that if a new transnational company wants to come in Pakistan and do successful concern so they have to cognize the cultural values, moralss and beliefs of the people because if they do non value cultural values of the people they would non able to put their egos in the market.
PTA, Sep 2007 published a research paper in which they are speaking about Pakistan Telecommunication Limited ( PTCL ) . They said that Pakistan Telecommunication Limited was a authorities sector, which was really inefficient so authorities of Pakistan deregulated the sector. Recently Pakistan Telecommunication Limited was privatised and 26 per centum portions sold to Etisalat cellular webs have the largest turning market in the universe and is profiting the most from Pakistan due to supplying the installations the consumers demand for case clear frequence, trained work force, CPP, the sector managed to pull the maximal investing from across the state. Foreign investors have been attracted to the telecom Norway, Warid UAE, QTEL Qatar etc. Earlier the key participants in the industry were Pakistan Telecommunication Limited and Mobilink but market portion has dropped due to the outgrowth of new operators. Due to the amalgamations that took topographic point in this sector, there has been a immense addition in the competition, which has created force per unit areas to supply high-ranking services and quality with new services to convey for the consumers. When needed demand it has happened in the ISP and informations sector Pakistan Telecommunication Limited. The decision of this research paper is that denationalization is a good measure toward consumers so new entrants can come in into the market and it will profit to both consumers and companies.
Shahzada Alam Malik, 2006 published an article ‘Regulating the passage of Pakistan ‘s telecom sector ‘ . The research inquiry of this article is that Information and communicating engineerings, ICTs have deeply influenced how the universe maps and interacts. He used different research documents and did secondary research in after look intoing different statistics wrote his article. In this article the writer is speaking about Pakistani authorities who has done really good in this sector the figure of cell phone and fixed line endorsers are increasing twenty-four hours by twenty-four hours and this sector is supplying really good gross every bit good. This universe is turning into a planetary universe few old ages before people use to pass on via letters so wireless came in and now latest cell phones, laptops etc. these revolutions are really good for the consumers now they can pass on with their friends and household anytime anyplace in the universe in no clip in really inexpensive rates. This deregulating of sector has benefitted both consumers and houses. Many states used telecommunication as their of import portion in the advancement of their economic system. In past authorities of Pakistan was runing this sector but so local and planetary force per unit areas convinced them to deregulate that sector so Pakistan will besides be able to vie with universe in the field of telecommunication. The authorities of Pakistan made PTA who is in charge of all operations go oning in telecom sector in all over Pakistan. I think the telecom sector of Pakistan is now the most of import sector in the growing of the state and there is still batch of investing needed in this sector to vie with universe because still other states are excessively far from Pakistan for e.g. Other states are utilizing latest engineerings like 3G and 4G but Pakistan is still utilizing 2G web which is far behind others so we still need batch of clip to vie with all over the universe.