Data Analysis On Leadership Styles Used By Student Affairs Department Management Essay

The intent of this chapter is to analyse all the information from the questionnaires that has been distributed, per centum of the respondents who answer each inquiry can be determined. The quantitative consequences have been done to this survey in order to look into the most leading manner usage by pupil personal businesss section.

Data analysis is an of import component for any survey that has been conducted. The Statistical Packages for Social Sciences ( SPSS ) Version 12.0 is a tool that will be used to construe the informations to acquire consequence of this survey. The type of trial used to analyze are frequences and t-test. A frequences and t-test statistic used to reply the research inquiry.

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The first inquiry is what is the most type of leading manner pattern in the pupil personal businesss. The factors for this inquiry are harmonizing to the pupil evaluated of the leading manner pattern by the pupil personal businesss. The rating is based on questionnaire that were administer to the pupil which the questionnaire included the inquiry about the transactional and transformational leading manner.

The 2nd research inquiry is to cognize what are the pupil ‘s positions toward the leading manner pattern in pupil personal businesss. The factor that has been provided included the leading behaviour, leading manner and besides authorising leading. All the factors can be evaluated based on strongly disagree, disagree, mildly agree, agree and strongly hold.

A descriptive statistics about the respondent ‘s demographic factors informations were made such as age, gender, degree of instruction, race and the pupil position of matrimony.

4.2.1 Pilot Study

To see the dependability of the questionnaires, the research worker has conducted the pilot trial. There are 26 of point in the questionnaire ( N points = 26 ) the dependability mark is.918 based the mark on Cronbach ‘s Alpha which is the questionnaires has the best dependability. The consequence base on 10 of respondent ( N = 10 )

Nitrogen

%

Cases

Valid

10

100.0

Excluded ( a )

0

.0

Entire

10

100.0

a. Listwise omission based on all variables in the process.

Table 2: Dependability Statisticss of Cronbach ‘s Alpha

Cronbach ‘s Alpha

N of Items

.918

26

Base on dependability trial on the questionnaire, research worker found that the questionnaire was dependable and can be use. The trial on respondent ( N = 10 ) with the point from leading manner included transformational and transactional, leading behaviour, authorising leading and demographic such gender, age, degree of instruction, race, and matrimonial position ( N of points = 26 )

Age

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

17-20 old ages

40

40.0

40.0

40.0

21-25 old ages

60

60.0

60.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

The respondents in this survey were UniKL MSI pupil with the mean age between 17 until 25 old ages. The information show 60 % of the sample were pupil with age scope between 21-25 old ages and 40 % with age scope between 17 – 20 years..

Gender

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Male

64

64.0

64.0

64.0

Female

36

36.0

36.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Figure 4.3.2 above shows that the frequence of respondents ‘ gender. There were 64 % male and 36 % female participate in this survey.

Education

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Spm

17

17.0

17.0

17.0

Diploma

51

51.0

51.0

68.0

Degree

32

32.0

32.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

The figure shows about degree of instruction for this survey. The highest instruction degree of the respondents is Degree ( n=32 ) followed by Diploma ( n=51 ) and spm ( n=17 )

Race

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Malay

94

94.0

94.0

94.0

others

6

6.0

6.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

The information shows that the bulk of the sample is Malay with 94 % and others 6 % . Which others represent other races besides Malay, India and Chinese. The per centum of race shown that most of the sample was Malay and can be concluded the overall of UniKL MSI pupil was from native.

Status

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Single

100

100.0

100.0

100.0

The information for the position is 100 % individual. This is because most of the pupil who analyzing in UniKL are the pupil who had finished their spm and still new alumnus from school. Which n=100

Nitrogen

Mean

Std. Deviation

Std. Error Mean

Transactional

100

2.7100

.69012

.06901

Transformational

100

3.2583

.77827

.07783

Table 4.4.1

One-Sample Trial

Test Value = 0.05

T

df

Sig. ( 2-tailed )

Average Difference

95 % Confidence Interval of the Difference

Lower

Upper

Transactional

38.544

99

.000

2.66000

2.5231

2.7969

Transformational

41.224

99

.000

3.20833

3.0539

3.3628

N=100

Table 4.4.2

Figure 4.4.1

Figure 4.4.1 nowadays the saloon graph of the transformational leading manner and transactional leading manner pattern by the pupil personal businesss section. The figure differentiates between two leading manner between transformational and transactional. The respondent ( n = 100 ) has evaluate the leading manner pattern by the pupil personal businesss and the most leading manner pattern by the pupil personal businesss is Transformational leading ( thousand = 3.2583 ) as shown in table 4.3.3.

Table 4.5.1

Influence through menace and bullying

Reprimand when public presentation is non up to par

Establish the ends for my work

Give instructions about how to make work

Nitrogen

Valid

100

100

100

100

Missing

0

0

0

0

Mean

1.9900

3.5400

2.3100

3.5300

Median

2.0000

4.0000

2.0000

4.0000

Std. Deviation

1.14146

1.14962

1.31576

1.25090

Scope

4.00

4.00

4.00

4.00

Sum

199.00

354.00

231.00

353.00

Table 4.5.1 shows the statistic of the respondents ( n = 100 ) position the leading behaviour of pupil personal businesss section. In the leading behavior subdivision there are four inquiry uses to cognize answering positions toward the leading behaviour of pupil personal businesss section. The table shown the mean of every inquiry, influence through menace and bullying ( thousand = 1.99 ) rebuke when public presentation is non up to par ( thousand = 3.54 ) set up the ends of work ( thousand = 2.31 ) and give instructions about how to make work ( thousand = 3.53 ) . The standard divergence of every inquiry of leading behaviour besides shown in table 4.5.1, influence through menace ( SD = 1.14146 ) , reprimand when public presentation is non up to par ( SD = 1.14962 ) , set up the ends for work ( SD = 1.31576 ) and give instructions about how to make work ( SD = 1.25090 ) .

Influence through menace and bullying

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

44

44.0

44.0

44.0

Disagree

32

32.0

32.0

76.0

Mildly Agree

7

7.0

7.0

83.0

Agree

15

15.0

15.0

98.0

Strongly Agree

2

2.0

2.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Table 4.5.2

Figure 4.5.1

Table 4.5.2 shows that the frequence of answering positions toward the inquiry of leading behaviour of pupil personal businesss section. The inquiry, influence through dainty and bullying. The consequence shown that 44 % of respondent ( n = 100 ) strongly differ which prove that the pupil personal businesss non act upon the pupil through menace and bullying. This consequence followed by 32 % disagrees, 7 % mildly agree, 15 % agree and merely 2 % strongly agree. The figure 4.5.1 showed the graph of consequence happening which shown more than 40 per centum of respondent strongly disagree.

Reprimand when public presentation is non up to par

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

8

8.0

8.0

8.0

Disagree

10

10.0

10.0

18.0

Mildly Agree

21

21.0

21.0

39.0

Agree

42

42.0

42.0

81.0

Strongly Agree

19

19.0

19.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Table 4.5.3

Figure 4.5.2

Table 4.5.3 shows that the frequence of answering positions toward the inquiry of leading behaviour of pupil personal businesss section. The inquiry, rebuke when public presentation is non up to par. The consequence shown that 44 % of respondent ( n = 100 ) agree which prove that the pupil personal businesss has reprimand the pupils when their public presentation is non up to standard. This consequence followed by 21 % mildly agree, 19 % strongly agree, 10 % disagree and merely 8 % strongly disagree. Figure 4.5.2 has shown the graph of terminal consequence which more that 40 per centum of respondent agreed

Establish the ends for my work

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

42

42.0

42.0

42.0

Disagree

12

12.0

12.0

54.0

Mildly Agree

25

25.0

25.0

79.0

Agree

15

15.0

15.0

94.0

Strongly Agree

6

6.0

6.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Table 4.5.4

Figure 4.5.3

Table 4.5.4 shows that the frequence of answering positions toward the inquiry of leading behaviour of pupil personal businesss section. The inquiry, pupil personal businesss established the ends of my work. The consequence shown that 42 % of respondent ( n = 100 ) strongly differ which prove that the pupil personal businesss has non established the ends for pupil work. This consequence followed by 25 % mildly agree, 15 % agree, 12 % disagree and merely 6 % strongly agree. The terminal consequence has been shown in figure 4.5.3 which determines more than 40 per centum of respondent was strongly disagreed.

Give instructions about how to make work

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

11

11.0

11.0

11.0

Disagree

10

10.0

10.0

21.0

Mildly Agree

16

16.0

16.0

37.0

Agree

41

41.0

41.0

78.0

Strongly Agree

22

22.0

22.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Table 4.5.5

Figure 4.5.4

Table 4.5.5 shows that the frequence of answering positions toward the inquiry of leading behaviour of pupil personal businesss section. The inquiry, pupil personal businesss give instructions about how to make work. The consequence shown that 41 % of respondent ( n = 100 ) agree which prove that the pupil personal businesss has give instructions and assist pupils about how to make a work. This consequence followed by 22 % strongly agree, 16 % mildly agree, 11 % disagree and merely 10 % strongly disagree. Figure 4.5.4 showed the per centum of the consequence which more than 40 per centum of respondent were agreed.

Table 4.6.1

impulses to honor with something when completed a major undertaking

Advice to organize attempts with others who are portion of the squad

Work together to develop public presentation ends

Encourage to seek for solution to job without supervising

Urges to believe of job as chances

Encourage to develop accomplishments and abilities

Nitrogen

Valid

100

100

100

100

100

100

Missing

0

0

0

0

0

0

Mean

2.6300

2.9300

3.1400

2.1700

3.0400

3.5700

Median

3.0000

3.0000

4.0000

2.0000

4.0000

4.0000

Std. Deviation

1.22808

.95616

1.13725

1.15518

1.19697

1.24117

Scope

4.00

4.00

4.00

4.00

4.00

4.00

Sum

263.00

293.00

314.00

217.00

304.00

357.00

Urges to honor with something when completed a major undertaking

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

23

23.0

23.0

23.0

Disagree

25

25.0

25.0

48.0

Mildly Agree

24

24.0

24.0

72.0

Agree

22

22.0

22.0

94.0

Strongly Agree

6

6.0

6.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Table 4.6.2

Figure 4.6.1

Table 4.6.2 shows that the frequence of answering positions toward the inquiry of authorising leading of pupil personal businesss section. The inquiry, urges to honor something when completed a major undertaking. The consequence shown that 25 % of respondent ( n = 100 ) disagree which prove that the pupil personal businesss non urged pupil to honor themselves with something they like when the pupil have successfully completed a major undertaking. This consequence followed by 24 % of respondents mildly agreed, 23 % strongly disagreed, 22 % agreed and merely 6 % strongly agreed. The graph on figure 4.6.1 besides had shown the per centum of the consequence.

Advice to organize attempts with others who are portion of the squad

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

8

8.0

8.0

8.0

Disagree

24

24.0

24.0

32.0

Mildly Agree

36

36.0

36.0

68.0

Agree

31

31.0

31.0

99.0

Strongly Agree

1

1.0

1.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Table 4.6.3

Figure 4.6.2

Table 4.6.3 shows that the frequence of answering positions toward the inquiry of authorising leading of pupil personal businesss section. The inquiry, pupil personal businesss advised pupil to organize their attempts with other persons who are portion of the squad. The consequence shown that 36 % of respondent ( n = 100 ) mildly agreed and 31 % agreed which prove that the pupil personal businesss has advised the pupil to organize their attempts with other persons who are portion of the squad. This consequence followed by 24 % of respondent disagreed, 8 % strongly disagreed, and 1 % strongly agreed. The graph on figure 4.6.2 besides had shown the per centum of the consequence.

Work together to develop public presentation ends

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

13

13.0

13.0

13.0

Disagree

16

16.0

16.0

29.0

Mildly Agree

18

18.0

18.0

47.0

Agree

50

50.0

50.0

97.0

Strongly Agree

3

3.0

3.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Table 4.6.4

Figure 4.6.3

Table 4.6.4 shows that the frequence of answering positions toward the inquiry of authorising leading of pupil personal businesss section. The inquiry, pupil personal businesss works with the pupil to develop their public presentation ends. The consequence shown that 50 % of respondent ( n = 100 ) agreed and 18 % mildly agreed which shown that the pupil personal businesss has works together with the pupil to develop the pupils public presentation ends. This consequence followed by 16 % of respondent disagreed, 13 % strongly disagreed, and 3 % strongly agreed. From the tabular array 4.6.4, the consequence can be concluded that half of the respondent ( n = 100 ) has agreed with the statement that shown the pupil personal businesss section has work together with pupil in order to develop the pupil public presentation ends. The graph on figure 4.6.3 had shown the per centum of the terminal consequence which showed that 50 per centum of respondent has agreed.

Encourage to seek for solution to job without supervising

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

40

40.0

40.0

40.0

Disagree

19

19.0

19.0

59.0

Mildly Agree

28

28.0

28.0

87.0

Agree

10

10.0

10.0

97.0

Strongly Agree

3

3.0

3.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Table 4.6.5

Figure 4.6.4

Table 4.6.5 shows that the frequence of answering positions toward the inquiry of authorising leading of pupil personal businesss section. The inquiry, pupil personal businesss section has encourages pupil to seek for solution to the pupil jobs without supervising from pupil personal businesss section. The consequence shown that 40 % of respondent ( n = 100 ) strongly disagreed which prove that the pupil personal businesss has non encourages pupil to seek for solution for pupil jobs without supervising. It means student personal businesss section has supervised the pupil to work out their jobs. This consequence followed by 28 % of respondent mildly agreed, 19 % disagreed, 10 % agreed and 3 % strongly agreed. The graph on figure 4.6.4 besides had shown the per centum of the consequence.

Urges to believe of job as chances

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

17

17.0

17.0

17.0

Disagree

16

16.0

16.0

33.0

Mildly Agree

15

15.0

15.0

48.0

Agree

50

50.0

50.0

98.0

Strongly Agree

2

2.0

2.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Table 4.6.6

Figure 4.6.5

Table 4.6.6 shows that the frequence of answering positions toward the inquiry of authorising leading of pupil personal businesss section. The inquiry, pupil personal businesss section urged pupil to believe of jobs as chances instead than obstruction. The consequence shown that 50 % of respondent ( n = 100 ) agreed and 15 % mildly agreed which prove that the pupil personal businesss section has urged pupil to believe a job as a chances instead than obstruction. This consequence followed by 17 % of respondent strongly disagreed, 16 % disagreed, and 2 % strongly agreed. The graph on figure 4.6.5 showed the per centum of the terminal consequence.

Encourage to develop accomplishments and abilities

Frequency

Percentage

Valid Percentage

Accumulative Percentage

Valid

Strongly Disagree

13

13.0

13.0

13.0

Disagree

9

9.0

9.0

22.0

Mildly Agree

2

2.0

2.0

24.0

Agree

60

60.0

60.0

84.0

Strongly Agree

16

16.0

16.0

100.0

Entire

100

100.0

100.0

Table 4.6.7

Figure 4.6.6

Table 4.6.7 shows that the frequence of answering positions toward the inquiry of authorising leading of pupil personal businesss section. The inquiry, pupil personal businesss section encouraged the pupil to develop pupils accomplishments and abilities. The consequence shown that 60 % of respondent ( n = 100 ) agreed and 16 % strongly agreed which shown most of the respondent agreed that the pupil personal businesss section has encouraged the pupil to develop pupils accomplishments and abilities. This consequence followed by 13 % of respondent strongly disagreed, 19 % disagreed, and 2 % mildly agreed. From the tabular array 4.6.7, the consequence can be concluded that more than a half of the respondent ( n = 100 ) has agreed with the statement that shown the pupil personal businesss section has encouraged pupils to develop their accomplishments and abilities. Figure 4.6.6 showed the graph on the terminal consequence of the surveies with showed 60 per centum of respondent were agreed.

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