1. What three components of public and community health differ from individual health? Describe each component and provide examples from your life. According to” Public Health Infrastructure – Healthy People” (n.d.), “Public health infrastructure includes 3 key components that enable a public health organization at the Federal, Tribal, State, or local level to deliver public health services. These components are: •A capable and qualified workforce
•Up-to-date data and information systems
•Public health agencies capable of assessing and responding to public health needs ” These components make it possible to fulfill public health services that include, but are not limited to, monitoring; diagnosis and investigation; information, education, and empowerment; mobilization, enforcement; linking; ensure; evaluate; and research. Public Heath includes variables such as:
•environmental health (pollutants, air quality, hazardous material) •water
Individual Health includes variables including:
The main goal of public or community health is concentrated on inhibiting disease, extending life, and promoting health by means of organized community exertions. Public health safeguards health as disasters occur, inhibits disease from addictions, contains sexually transmitted diseases, puts up an organization in charge of maintaining the community’s food and water safety, and environmental hazards. Government agencies are concerned with reporting diseases and inspecting food and water safety as they play a significant role in public or community health.
Examples of life experiences that I have had with regard to public and community health would include eating out at restaurants; knowing that there are policies and procedures in place by management, as well as the FDA, that monitor how employees handle consumables, as well as the mandatory requirement that all employees must wash their hands, after using the restroom, for example. Also, my personal, or individual, health preferences are for myself to wash my hands as often as possible especially in the winter months where we are all more prone to pick up germs. I do my best to eat healthy meals and exercise. I also ensure that my son and my husband are guarded from health concerns of germs by keeping my home clean and tidy.
Public Health Infrastructure – Healthy People. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/overview.aspx?topicid=35
1) How do various levels of government work with communities?
The federal and state governments are the largest supporters of health care services in the United States. Examples of support that our government provides include assisting those who are in need of health care with numerous options such as Medicare and Medicaid, the employment of millions of people, and billions of dollars each year for new discoveries, treatments, and cures. The government does indeed offer great assistance with programs such as Medicare and Medicaid, two of the largest programs that the government is involved in. Not only does the government provide those who are in need with Medicare and Medicaid, but there is also the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).
These programs provided by the government are there to help those who cannot afford insurance. Insurance is not affordable to many families due to the economy and I feel that just because a family or an individual cannot afford insurance does not mean they should not be able to attain it. If these programs were not available, then there would be many more sick or dying people across the nation because of lack of care.
States have created many different types of state-owned health care organizations that provide services to patients who cannot afford health care. All the employees of these hospitals and clinics are employees of the state government. the government also provides billions of dollars each year for new discoveries, treatments, and cures for various illnesses. For instance, the government funds research for the cure and treatments for cancer, Blood Diseases such as Anemia, Leukemia, and Hemophilia, and even AIDS.
Riegelman, R. K. (2010). Public health 101: Healthy people–healthy populations. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.