THE IMPACT THAT SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 CAUSED THE UNITED STATES
A. The first thing I will discussing will be judicial.
1. The American justice system
B. The second thing I will be discussing will be emotionally 1. How people felt about the war
2. Hate crimes against middle-east Americans
C. The third thing I will be discussing will be economically 1.The personal safety of Americans
2. The routine mistakes of our critical infrastructure 3. The problems we had economically
4. The estimated cost of war and how much it cost the U.S from 2001-2013 D. The fourth thing I will be discussing will be political
1. The surveillance act
2. Who was president at the time and would it been different with different president was in office
THE IMPACT THAT SEPTEMBER 11, 2001 CAUSED THE UNITED STATES I will be discussing the changes in America since the attacks of September, 11, 2001. The threats to civil liberties, neglect of social problems and the politics that have change since September, 11, 2001. There have been many turning points in American History, but none have had the same effect as September 11, 2001. Many Americans relate to the day to be the country’s loss of innocence. As the result of September 11, 2001 many Americans lives were affected emotionally, economically, politically, and judicial.
What happen to the judicial side of United States. The American justice system was under attack, with people being held without access to lawyers, sometimes having secret detention hearings closed to the public, and sometimes without being formally charged with a crime. The suspects were prosecuted for providing material support for potential future acts of terrorism, than actually taking place of an attack. The “members of congress who try to question attorney General John Ashcroft about the policies was either ignored or accused of aiding the enemy” (The New York Times April 20, 2003 pwk 8). They are secret warrants that they can search people’s homes that can today be obtained with minimal judicial oversight. Benjamin Franklin one’s said that those who would trade liberty for security will find neither. How Americans emotionally took a impact. After we went to war with Iraq there was less tolerance among Americans for dissenting view concerning our foreign policy. You will hear about some Americans all ways talking or calling other Americans “Anti-American” or “unpatriotic”, because they express their feelings about the administrations action especially the actions that we t attack Iraq. For an example a Yale University student Katherine Lo hung an American flag upside down as a anti-war symbol of American distress. Several “young men broke into her suit and wrote a message on her bulletin board saying Iraq, and Muslims should be killed”.
(Beach 2003). Let everybody remember what Thomas Jefferson said that it is the duty of their government, because nothing can keep it right except their own vigilant and distrustful supervision ( berry 2003). The hate crime against immigrants in the United states went up especially against people who was either from middle east or who looked like they was from the middle east. According to the FBI in year 2003 hate crimes targeted people, intuitions, and businesses identified with Islamic faith increased from 28 in the year 2000 to 481 in the year of 2001 it was a huge jump of 1,600 percent. That is a huge jump with one year, and Muslims was the least targeted religious group (New Haven Register November 26, 2003 pe 4). What this war did to us economically. The personal safety of Americans depended on adequate responses to these and other domestic challenges accrued like more than a trillion dollar loss in the American economy and federal defects of $300 billion or more a year after 9/11. We have been made aware of incompetence and routine mistakes of our critical infrastructure. The FBI was found to have a pervasive intention to security (perrow 2002:7).
Fake driver’s licenses are easily acquired and seldom detected. Information about two suspected hijackers was available to the CIA, FBI, Immigration, and Neutralization service, but they didn’t act on. “Repeatedly, test of security at nuclear plants show huge flaws, with promises of remedial action that never remediates” (perrow2002:7). Years before 9/11 the transpiration department publicized the failure of airport security. Although they have improved on the security in airports, train stations, and other transportation. Going to war with Iraq took away from a lot of funds and attention over the years that we could have been building what should have been the first line of America’s home defense. The war and its aftermath have taking away huge additional sums. The terrorist alerts and the, war from September 11, 2001 distracted the United States from money problems we had in our own country. Like long term funding for social security, Medicare, ensuring thriving economy, making educational reforms, continuing support for basic research, and protecting the people from corporate crime and executive theft. Also neglecting the efforts to break our addiction to oil, to commit conserving energy, and develop energy system based on renewable resources. After 9/11 all these issues where pushed from the center of attention in America. We have become increasingly aware of the cost of unilateral action. A Yale economist William Nordaus estimated the cost the war with Iraq would be between 50 billion to 150 billion. Taking into account rebuilding Iraq and the efforts on the economy, he estimated the cost in worst-case scenario could go as high as 2 trillion dollars. (After reviewing several estimates, Michael Marien in 2003. He concludes that the total cost the war will cost around 127 billion to 682 billion). But theses estimates in 2003 didn’t include the human cost of the war, the lives lost, and the suffering. But from 2001 to 2013 the United States ended up spending over 6 trillion dollars on the war (Wikipedia July 14, 2013).
From the political stand point.George w.Bush was the president when the terrorist attacks happen 11 years ago. The Bush Administration even had a warning a week before 9/11 happen. The attack revealed glaring security threats and vulnerabilities that demanded immediate action. Our security agencies lacked crucial information about Al Queda. Any sitting president would have answered the call. But George w. Bush was the president that didn’t answer in tell Al Queda attacked. Today we can take comfort in knowing that the president Bush had made after 9/11 global terrorism including enhanced surveillance, tough interrogations and pre emptive strikes kept our nation safe. President Bush suffered outrageous political attacks, but he succeeded where no one thought he would. The most amazing thing to have happened to our national security in the past decade in nothing: no follow up terrorist attack succeeded. But what if president Obama was the one to answer the call 11 years ago.
I believe that the Obama campaigned would have treated this issue as a criminal matter and not has an act of war. President Obama has populated his administration with officials who argue that the attacks did not begin a state of war , that law enforcement rules should constrain Americas response and that the courts should supervise the goal of preventing future attacks by taking preemptive action the criminal laws focus on investigating and punishing suspects after the fact. So what should Americans do? We should honor the Americans that gave their lives on the day of 9/11.As Americans we should certainly apprehend the perpetrators, but by maintaining a decent respect to the option of mankind, as it says in the American declaration of independence (lievens 2002).
As Americans we should cooperate with the international community by working within multilateral institutions, such as the United Nations and but at the same time protect ourselves against future terrorist attacks, destroy ourselves and American society. At the time don’t bring violence to a country that is not presenting any danger to us. Instead help build a world where the conditions that create terrorist no longer exist (Whitney 2003). We need to understand that when most people do harmful things to others, it is often not because they are inherently evil beings, but because they are desperate or because they believe what they’re doing is right. People need to recognize that most people everywhere value roughly the same things. At the broadest level, they want freedom and well beings. The want life, good health, a job at a decent level of living, comfortable housing, happy life, opportunities for their children, personal safety, and peace.
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University Community,” February 13.