Motivation and job satisfaction The Ghanaian story

An built-in portion of the direction procedure is the direction of people. Understanding the critical importance within an organisation will be to acknowledge that the human component and the organisation are synonymous. The mean worker when managed good within the organisation can normally be the root beginning of quality and productiveness additions. The focal point is non on capital investing, but to employees, as the cardinal beginning of betterment. The 1980s and 1990s witnessed a overplus of corporate retrenchment, amalgamations and reconstituting as indicated by De Meuse, Bergmann et.al, ( 2001 ) . Lester and Kickul ( 2001 ) indicated that “ current economic and employment landscape puts force per unit area on how organisations constructions and motivates employees. ” Due to the ferociously competitory environment most companies operate in, companies focus on corporate ends, net income borders, and stock market monetary values, ( Bergmann et. al. , 2001 ) go forthing the employee to concentrate on finding his or her beginning of motive. It is non surprising to happen administrations seeking possible employees who are per se motivated particularly during interviews. The workplace is now one of increased work load and emphasis, decreased occupation security and committedness as indicated by De Meuse, Bergmann et Al. ( 2001 ) .

The effectivity of an administration depends on the grade to which it achieves its ends. An effectual organisation will do certain that there is a spirit of cooperation and sense of committedness and satisfaction within the domain of its influence. In order to do employees satisfied and committed to their occupations, there is the demand for strong and effectual motive at the assorted degrees. The public presentation of an person can be determined by the work environment, his/her abilities and motive to work. In state of affairss where the person appears non to hold the demand capacity to make what is required of him or her some signifier of preparation can be provided to construct the capacity required, where biotechnologies and other environment factors are identified as cause of an person ‘s inefficiencies, some signifier of accommodation can be made. However, when the person lacks the desire to works, rectifying it goes begun what an employer can make to convey about immediate consequences. This can be explained on the bases that, human behavior is a complex and understanding it to enable alteration is non an easy undertaking and as indicated by Fletcher, 2004, desiring an immediate alteration in human behavior is difficult to conceive of. Motivation hence, can be considered as a factor that plays a important function in act uponing employee ‘s occupation satisfaction. However, this function might be negative or positive sing the fact that, motive is intangible nature. Sing function of motive on occupation satisfaction, one might one the bases of the Ghanaian employer. Thus the Ghanaian employer acknowledge the importance of motive and if so, what the stairss put in topographic point to guarantee that, motive has a positive impact on employees.

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Most organisations have evolved with clip and are accommodating leaner and level constructions, these administrations place a batch of focal point on presenting value on clients, non likely to supply employees with occupations for life, really unfastened and level structured, and are more dynamic with competitory demands and schemes. An effort to understand motive and its attendant effects on occupation satisfaction is non easy particularly in a state like Ghana, where few administrations pay peculiar attending to their employees ‘ degree of motive. It is said that, a happy worker is a good worker but one may be tempted to dispute the cogency of this statement. For at least 50 old ages, research workers have sought to find if any, the relationship that occupation satisfaction has with occupation public presentation. It is of import to underscore that, empirical grounds to back up that occupation satisfaction leads to better public presentation is conflicting or likewise the being of a positive correlativity between the two. If empirical literature is mixed on issue and a motivated employee is assumed to be a satisfied employee so serious inquiries will hold to be raised to measure the relationship that exist between motive and occupation satisfaction. On the other manus some research workers argue that consequences are every bit inconclusive with regard to the hypothesis that there is no such relationship. It is rather noteworthy to observe that, it was really hard happening published plants in Ghana that seek to turn to or propose this relationship, if any, on the relationship between motive and occupation satisfaction and the consequence of motive on occupation satisfaction. As a consequence of this ambiguity, this research seeks to find the relationship, if any, that exist between motive and occupation satisfaction, maintaining in head the value this relationship has for organisations.

In the late nineteenth century, occupations were indispensable, normally difficult and/or humdrum, non good paid and most people work for foremans. One ‘s tardiness or fruitlessly was considered unacceptable and he or she could acquire fired for it. In the early yearss of this Industrial Revolution and in some parts of the universe, workers were regarded as expendable resources ; direction ‘s exclusive purpose was to increase productiveness. Taylor ( 1911 ) analysed clip and gesture, broke occupations down into little parts, and devised quicker and better methods ; monetary value rates were worked out and workers accomplishing the criterion were rewarded. It is non surprising to happen some companies today, printing gross revenues figures as incentives. This signifier of motive frequently gives rise to defensive or retaliatory behavior, such as brotherhood organisation, poor-quality work, executive indifference, and failure of directors to take any hazards in determination devising or even dishonesty. Whether directors are first-level supervisors or main executives, the power of their place to give or keep back wagess or enforce punishments of assorted sorts gives them an ability to command, to a really great extent, the economic and societal wellbeing of their subsidiaries. However, the extent to which these gross revenues figures determine employee ‘s degree of occupation satisfaction is yet to be established.

Maslow ‘s demand theory has received broad acknowledgment, peculiarly among practising directors. His theory of motive has been accredited to the theory ‘s intuitive logic and easiness of understanding. However, research does non formalize this theory as Maslow provided no empirical grounds and other several surveies that sought to formalize the theory hence, found no support for it. Another theory on motive suggests that, physical milieus affected end product and the Mayo and the Hawthorne Studies would be a good point of mention. It besides holds the position that people work harder merely because others take involvement in what they are making. People ‘s interaction with others within the administration and informal work groups besides affects end product ; communicating, group norms and values are straight related ; worker engagement, type of supervising, morale and satisfaction. There are other theories that delve on the importance of motive. Other motive theories that could be considered include McGregor ‘s Theory X and Y, Equity theory, Process theory and Herzberg ‘s Two Factor theory.

Job satisfaction is a complex and multifaceted construct, which can intend different things to different people. Job satisfaction is normally linked with motive, but the nature of this relationship is non clear. Satisfaction is non the same as motive. “ Job satisfaction is more of an attitude, an internal province. It could, for illustration, be associated with a personal feeling of accomplishment, either quantitative or qualitative. ” In recent old ages attending to occupation satisfaction has become more closely associated with broader attacks to improved occupation design and work organisation, and the quality of working life motion. The relationship between occupation satisfaction and public presentation is an issue of go oning argument and contention. One position associated with the early human relation ‘s attack, is that satisfaction leads to public presentation. An alternate position is that public presentation leads to satisfaction. However, a assortment of surveies suggest that research has found merely a limited relationship between satisfaction and work end product, and offer light comfort to those seeking to corroborate that a satisfied worker is besides a productive 1. Labor turnover and absenteeism are normally associated with dissatisfaction, but although there may be some correlativity, there are many other possible factors. No cosmopolitan generalisations about worker dissatisfaction exist, to offer easy direction solutions to jobs of turnover and absenteeism. The survey suggests that it is chiefly in the kingdom of occupation design, where chance resides for a constructive betterment of the worker ‘s satisfaction degree.

Problem Statement

There are motive theories non supported by valid grounds but are easy to understand. If one should inquire how many people are motivated by being given badges, rubrics, dedicated auto parking infinites, exposures in company newssheets, how many can non wait to acquire place from work to make other things? One will be amazed at the Numberss merely because motive does non run in a vacuity. If people are traveling to pass as much clip at work as they do, why can they non be enthused about the work that they make? Make directors hold a duty to seek to stir them up? Keeping satisfactory hygiene factors will non needfully actuate people – but it will halt them from being dissatisfied! However, there is non needfully a relationship between satisfaction and productiveness. One can happen your occupation fulfilling without you truly making really much. Besides, when conditions are satisfactory, people attribute success to their ain making and when things are positive, they look to direction for person to fault. It should besides be noted that, possibly some directors subscribe to Theory X personally, whilst publically adopting Theory Y? The implicit in fact is, altering one ‘s actions in line with Y will non needfully take to increased motive. In the construct of occupation satisfaction, the employee feels the importance of his belongingness in the workplace every bit good as the importance of his occupation. This accomplishment can be in the manner where the demands are satisfied such as their self-esteem demand and self-respect, grasp or acknowledgment, the safety and security of the employee ( Wright, 2001 ) . The occupation satisfaction of the employee is besides affected by several factors, and for the organisation to accomplish the occupation satisfaction of the employees ; they need to depict the relationship of the committedness and motive towards occupation satisfaction.

Research Aims

The first aim is to find motivational attempts of direction in accomplishing occupation satisfaction. The 2nd aim is to seek other factors, if any, that influences employee ‘s sense of satisfaction. The 3rd aim is to be able to through empirical observation prove some of the assorted theories of motive and measure their impact on employees ‘ occupation satisfaction in a state like Ghana. Finally through the survey, recommendations could be made to the administration on how to set up strong motivational plan that leads to occupation satisfaction and brings out the committedness in their employees. This will lend to knowledge direction in the country of human resource.

Research Questions

There are several inquiries presented that can assist the completion of the survey in understanding the different factors that can bring forth the occupation satisfaction among the employees.

Which motivational theory best determines an employees ‘ occupation satisfaction?

Is there a relationship between motive and occupation satisfaction?

Are at that place other factors that contribute to occupation satisfaction apart from motive?

What are the measurings or marks that prove that the employees are committed to their occupation?

Department of energies occupation satisfaction play an of import function in the success of the full organisation?

Methodology

This survey will be a quantitative research pulling on deductive technique as research inquiries will be deduced from theories. The information for the research will be collected utilizing a questionnaire and the population for this survey will on 50 people across assorted industries above the legal working age ( 18+ ) in Ghana. The sample population will be indiscriminately selected from the population in order to restrict trying mistake and other research prejudices. The survey will garner participants ‘ information such as their age, gender, civil position, figure of household members, old ages of employment and their place in their several company.A All these demands will function as chairing factors of the survey and ethical considerations will be noted with great accent on confidentiality. +

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