Sources of Motivation Paper
The story underlined in chapter one of the textbook in regard to, The Little Engine That Could, illustrates two forms of motivation could (can) and would (will). Philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (1841/1960) was the first person to speculate on the relationship between motivation and behavior (Deckers, Introduction to Motivation and Emotion, 2010). Many factors exist between motivation and behavior; it is said that human behavior is driven by motivation. Motive and incentives are factors that derive motivation the individual motivations is geared toward any task that will create a positive outcome, e.g., hard work in school equals a better job, higher pay, and job security. Behavior exhibits motivation, a person will react differently in every situation in the pursuit of gaining success “incentive.” Define Motivation
According to Atkinson (1958/1983) and McClelland (1987), a motive is a person’s internal disposition to be concerned with and approach positive incentives and avoid negative incentives (pg. 3). There are several factors that underline human motivation in relation to behavior, e.g., people eat to reduce hunger or enroll in college to obtain a degree. An incentive is the anticipated reward or aversive event available in the environment (pg. 3). Motivation is an incentive driven emotion; motivation differs from each individual. The importance of personal gain is differentiated from person to person, for example, Tony is motivated to complete college in pursuit of obtaining a better career, and whereas Timothy lacks motivation in college his motivation may be geared toward becoming an expert in his current career field. Motivation has to have incentive it makes no sense just be motivated. What is the incentive to the motivation? For example, Alicia tells her coworkers that she is motivated to work today. Her motive is that an important inspection is coming up the incentive is a promotion to the staff member who excels in the inspection. Identify at least two sources of Motivation
Motivation stems from the sequence of events that moves from motives or anticipated incentives to end-states where motives are satisfied or incentives are attained (pg.7). There are many sources to an individual’s motivation such as persistence and activation. Cherry (2013), “Activation involves the decision to initiate a behavior, such as enrolling in a psychology class” (Theories of Motivation). Cherry (2013), “Persistence is the continued effort toward a goal even though obstacles may exist, such as taking more psychology courses in order to earn a degree although it requires a significant investment of time, energy and resources” (Theories of Motivation).
For example, John continues to attend college courses in pursuit of earning his bachelor’s degree while maintaining a full-time job and a family. Sacrifice is another source of motivation; an individual will only sacrifice for the greater good. Motivation is impossible without energy to power muscles and the neurons of the brain (Deckers, Introduction to Motivation and Emotion, 2010). Sigmund Freud developed a theory that implied two factors that take part in motivation; psychological energy and mental energy that he referred to as cathexis, self-regulation energy, adaptation energy, and processing resources (Deckers, Introduction to Motivation and Emotion, 2010).
Relationship between Motivation and Behavior
Motivation and behavior happens in a sequence and are connected. Motivation is lineated by an incentive. An individual will not exhibit a behavior that would prohibit his or her ability to complete that task. Motivation is a two way street individuals either are pulled toward or away from a desire. Behavior is a construct of motivation because a person will adjust his or her behavior to conform to his or her motivation. For example hard work equals a better chance to earn a promotion or not motivated to pay bills in an effort to create some sense of a savings (Deckers, 2010). Internal motives initiate the drive, whereas an external motive exhibits a reaction. There are psychological and physical attributes that comply with motivation. An individual must adjust his or her behavior to coincide with a desired goal or reward. Behavior Exhibits Motivation
Motivation plays a key role in the behavior of individuals, for example, an individual who is not motivated to take a class will exhibit behaviors of discontent, and the lack of motivation will show in his or her class work. Motivation in respect to behavior is exhibited in several forms and often times bring out the “laziness” in an individual. Motivation is an internal process that an individual will hone in on the incentive of the proposed task. A McDonald’s employee will start to lose motivation to do his or her job correctly if there are no incentives. For example, Shaun has worked with McDonald’s as a cook for the past 10 years without a pay raise or promotion. He eventually will lose the drive to do his job effectively. Motivation drives individuals to behave in a certain manner that will help him to accomplish his goals or to fulfill desires (Deckers, 2010). Conclusion
In conclusion, motivation is affected by internal and external forces such as environmental, psychological, and biological factors. To understand motivation an individual must have a clear image of the incentive, thus, psychologically a person will adapt behaviors to mirror his or her motivation. Understanding the sources of motivation allows an individual to understand the resulting behavior. An individual depicts motivation on several factors but the two most important or incentive and motive. To reach a long-term goal an individual must adapt behaviors that will align his or her goals, thus, knowing that motivation is the cornerstone to completing task, and reaching ultimate goals.
Deckers, L. (2010). Motivation: Biological, psychological, and environmental (3rd ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon. Cherry, K. (2013). About.com: Psychology. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/mindex/g/motivation-definition.htm Wickens, A.P. (2005). Foundations of Biopsychology (2nd Ed.). New York: Pearson/Prentice Hall Motivation. (2003). In the New Penguin Business Dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.credorereference.com/entry/penguinbus/motivation Dig Planet. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.digplanet.com/wiki/work_motivation