Destruction is defined as ‘Causing great and irreparable injury or harm. ‘But so on the other manus love is being defined as ‘a strong positive emotion of respect and fondness ‘ . Based on merely the definition of both words this is an oxymoron ; how can love perchance be destructive and if so so is this love existent to get down with? Arguably, in Shakespeare and Sylvia Plath destructive love is portrayed to be a merchandise caused straight by external influences. This can be argued in ‘Othello ‘ when Iago manages to pull strings Othello ‘s one time unafraid trust of his married woman. Likewise in ‘Romeo & A ; Juliet ‘ the external influence of their household ‘s long standing feud finally destroys their love. The manner in which all three texts were written, the scene and the clip period contribute to the varied presentation of destructive love. For illustration in Othello, published in 1603 and likewise in Romeo & A ; Juliet, Shakespeare suggests that the kernel of trust, jealously and societal standings play a critical function in the result of love. However contrastingly, Sylvia Plath ‘s verse forms written between 1956 and 1963 demoing another facet of destructive love through the usage of characters in her verse forms such as ‘Daddy ‘ . The relationship between her and her male parent is that she symbolises the ‘Nazi ‘ as being her male parent as he is a German and the ‘Jew ‘ being her which accordingly relates back to her ain personal life experiences as she states “ Daddy, I have to kill you ” proposing that she has to kill his control.
In Sylvia Plath ‘s ‘Collected Poems ‘ a different type of love is shown in ‘Morning Song ‘ ; the love between a female parent and a kid. The beginning of the verse form starts with “ Love set you traveling like a fat gold ticker ” exemplifying the conformance of how it has to be love to even get down the construct, the symbolic significance of the “ fat gold ticker ” suggests the cherished clip of human life where it is ‘gold ‘ which emphasizes the value of clip and love. Plath uses a corporate pronoun “ our ” to foreground the relationship being still together and the love after the babe is born is of a shared love between the female parent and hubby associating back to her ain life of her relationship with her hubby Ted Hughes. The relationship indicates how she had 3 kids and that she felt more connected to them when the babe was inside of her and subsequently on there ‘s a sense of confusion as she feels less attached as the “ clear vowels rise like balloons ” proposing that the internal factor could be the babe inside of her and the external factor being when the babe is born and experiencing less attached. The consequence of the simile is that it paints a clear image in the readers head bespeaking that these balloons are lifting and that they could even perchance burst. The balloon could associate to her love for her kid and that she is experiencing more distant the farther the balloon rises.
However on the other manus, Othello is shown to be an guiltless romantic love ; but so over clip seen to be a profane love as the facade has been removed with the assistance of external influences such as Iago. Othello is merely good at something ‘s such as conflict, ” for since these weaponries of mine had seven old ages ‘ pith, / Till now some nine Moons wasted, they have us ‘d ” ; their relationship has many defects from deficiency of communicating when he is about to kill Desdemona, and so to the deficiency of trust as she says really small to the accusal that she had an matter with Cassio and gave the hankie to him. The deficiency of communicating is non an external influence but an internal one which is besides to an extent a merchandise straight doing a destructive love.
In Othello destructive love is straight influenced by external factors such as Desdemona ‘s male parent, ‘Brabantio ‘ as he is against their love and matrimony. The ground why he is against it is because during the Elizabethan epoch witchery was common and accordingly he accuses Othello of witchery. “ Thou has practic ‘d on her with foul appeals, / Abus ‘d her delicate young person with drugs or minerals ” . At the clip during the Elizabethan epoch, inkinesss were considered to be savages, and homicidal pagans. It is a really rare thing that a black adult male would be able to obtain the rank of general in a preponderantly Caucasic ground forces. It caused rather a spot of green-eyed monster among the other officers functioning under Othello.[ 3 ]However, Desdemona ‘s male parent, Brabantio and the mainstream of Venetians found it unbearable for Desdemona, a white adult female of high category to get married a black adult male. Piddling credence was given to Othello because of his headship as the Moor. Brabantio stated that Othello had a “ coal-black bosom ” and a “ disgusting stealer ” , which is grounds to turn out his racism towards him that merely because “ he hast thou stow ‘d ” his girl he does non like him proposing Brabantio being an external influence to their destructive love.
Desdemona says she has a “ divided responsibility ” toward Othello and as her male parent says “ he would instead of adopt ” due to him being embarrassed she has fallen in love with a ‘black ‘ Moor. “ Divided responsibility ” highlights the fact that during the Elizabethan period, adult females had a responsibility towards work forces ; they had to look after and be obedient towards them. Besides, position played an of import function within society as obviously portrayed by Brabantio proposing how he would hold instead adopted after he finds out Desdemona has fallen in love with Othello. Even after naming Othello a “ disgusting stealer ” suggests further how people within society cause love to be pressurised ; giving a bad image to the Protagonist which in this instance is Othello taking him to devastation by other influences and attitudes of other characters within the play..
In Romeo & A ; Juliet the households were non the chief cause of destructive love as from the really beginning of the drama, destiny was invariably referred to by Shakespeare, get downing with the prologue. “ A brace of star crossed lovers take their life ” where Shakespeare mentions that Romeo and Juliet were meant to decease together because it was their destiny. Consequently this is what fate had deliberately planned for their lives, as it was crossed through the stars. So the audience recognises that the tragic decease of Romeo and Juliet was something which was ; inevitable. During the Elizabethan epoch this political orientation of destiny to the audience was non something new ; that destiny overrides and if it ‘s meant to go on in life it will. This could be true but instead it could be interpreted that the households were the chief cause for their destructive love ; the Capulets and Montagues bring about devastation in the love between ‘Romeo & A ; Juliet ‘ . Escalus, Prince of Verona says “ See what a flagellum is laid upon your hatred, that heavens happen agencies to kill your joys with love ” . The hatred of the two households resulted in the deceases of the two lovers. The fact that due to both households non holding the sense to stop their feud has sent them a monetary value to pay ; their deceases are the result of the flagellum that was laid upon the households due to the consequence of their thwarted love.
The love shown in each of the texts are portrayed in different ways by the writers ; in Romeo and Juliet the first ‘love ‘ the audience is exposed to is ‘interchangeable ‘ love mentioned by Benvolio as he says, “ by giving autonomy unto thine eyes, examine other beauties ” , proposing rather openly that Romeo should look into out other adult females. Benvolio states that a adult male should merely love a adult female for the continuance of their matrimony, and if nevertheless their relationship is to be destroyed so he should non experience any heartache or compunction. In rule, work forces should hold more authorization and be in control over adult females who are symbolized as objects. In contrast Romeo is awfully in love with Rosaline but the love so he, “ Shut up his Windowss, lock carnival daylight out and makes himself an unreal dark. ” The imagination illustrates a dark and depressed atmosphere demoing Romeo ‘s feelings towards love at the beginning. The fact that Benvolio has an external influence on Romeo high spots how society in the Elizabethan epoch saw adult females to be ‘obedient to their hubbies and used to hammer confederations ‘[ 4 ]which clearly shows how Benvolio thinks love should be and how work forces should hold the upper manus in all instances. This outlook at times clouds Romeo ‘s opinion and causes a pressurised destructive love.
Despite Benvolio ‘s efforts to rede Romeo, a reader could construe this in another position that towards the terminal of the drama Romeo would make anything for Juliet as he says “ My life were better ended by their hate/ Than decease prorogued, desiring thy love. ” Which is wholly the antonym of what Benvolio ‘s advice is to Romeo ; as he states that he does non desire to be without Juliet, and if it comes to it he would instead be dead. This shows how external influences could impact a relationship but finally it ‘s the determination of the character which determines what would go on in their relationship and once more associating back to destiny within the Elizabethan epoch.
On the contrary, Possessiveness over loved 1s can besides do or take to destructive love. Othello ‘s matrimony to Desdemona shows that although one can truly love a individual, the demand for human control can destruct any relationship doing devastation and convulsion. From the really beginning, Othello faces a quandary of weakness because of his matrimony. ‘Eldred Jones ‘ has concurred saying that ‘Othello made himself available to public unfavorable judgment and assaults on his character by get marrieding a immature white miss ‘[ 5 ]. This suggests that jealously is besides another factor ; Rodrigo is a chief cause of this as he besides is in love with Desdemona and due to Othello get marrieding this ‘young white miss ‘ he is opening himself up for an even bigger autumn as he becomes covetous of Othello. Furthermore, the brace ‘s changeless brush over power and control makes them vulnerable to devastation of their contentment. Even so, Othello seeks complete control over his married woman, Desdemona. Othello claims this as he says, “ O expletive of matrimony that we can name these delicate animals our and non their appetencies. ” This highlights the fact that love should enable him to command her ; due to non able to a seed of jealously begins to turn being described as “ the jealous monster ” . The usage of the coloring material green symbolises jealously but with enviousness nevertheless the usage of “ monster ” suggests an animalistic character with a personality cruel and unmanageable. Othello is invariably linked back to this animalistic character where he is unable to command his actions. The significance of this frequent mention to animalistic character explains that perchance its Iago ‘s character of being that “ monster ” or that Shakespeare is seeking to demo that Othello ever had this monstrous behavior within him when he “ clutters ” his married woman. The audiences view on Iago ‘s usage of “ jealous monster ” is that they are cognizant of his program and deceit due to his dramatic soliloquy therefore they see him as the ‘evil scoundrel ‘ and that it ‘s merely a affair of Iago ‘s sentiment whether Othello has this animalistic character within him and whether this merchandise of jealously grows and finally becomes a merchandise of destructive love.
During the Elizabethan epoch adult females were portrayed to be ownerships by work forces ; the first Senator, wishing Othello good when he gets married to Desdemona says ‘use Desdemona good ‘ . The word ‘use ‘ seems to imply the phrase ‘look after ‘ , but besides supports the Venetian outlook of adult females – which they are to bow to the volitions of their hubbies who may use them as they wish. The possessiveness of characters besides link to ‘Selected Poems ‘ by Sylvia Plath ; in the verse form ‘Daddy ‘ her male parent is symbolised to be an external factor which links to her contextual life with her hubby being dependent ; “ Daddy, I have to kill you ” explicitly demoing that she has to kill his control, his possessiveness over her. By stating “ have to kill you ” besides shows that the lone manner to travel or to be free from this authorization is to do devastation ; therefore demoing another angle of a relationship between a male parent and girl.
Othello ‘s destructive love is caused by external characters such as Iago feeding the “ jealous monster ” . Throughout the continuance of the drama Othello ‘s relationship has changed vastly due to the use of Iago. The malicious effort in flim-flaming his married woman about the “ hankie ” as she is non able to bring forth is makes Othello ‘s seed of jealously begins to turn. Othello speaks to Desdemona utilizing words with ambiguous significances. While he is proposing one thing, Desdemona thinks he is speaking about something else. “ This argues fecundity and broad bosom. Hot, hot, and moist. ” In this instance, Desdemona turn a blind oculus non believing much of his statement. Othello nevertheless, is mentioning to her improper, lecherous nature as he begins to talk harshly to Desdemona as he inquiries the whereabouts of the particular hankie. “ It is words that shakes me therefore. Pish! Noses, ears, and lips. Is’t possible? – Confess? Handkerchief? Oh Satan! ” . The usage of “ Oh Satan ” links back to the Elizabethan epoch where people believed in witchery and therefore holding an influence on the manner in which the drama was seen. In this dramatic soliloquy, the usage of exclaimings, inquiries and repeat of words link to the tenseness in this scene ; Othello clearly has fallen in Iago ‘s trap of use of how Cassio was purportedly touting about kiping with Desdemona maintaining in head that the audience knows the truth of Iago and his secret plan due to his monologue explicitly foregrounding that he will “ set the Moor/ At least into a green-eyed monster so strong/ That judgement can non bring around ” . This dramatic soliloquy indicates and brings about tenseness in the audience as we can see what Othello is really believing and the audience can experience a sense of his jealously coming out as mentioned by Iago being the “ jealous monster ” . The device used engages the audience and begins to fuel their enviousness for Iago which makes them experience more emotionally attached to Othello and experience sorry for him in the terminal when he “ clutters ” his married woman which brings about more tenseness in his destructive love.
The ground for Iago ‘s use and fraudulence is originally sourced from jealously ; as he was non picked to be lieutenant. “ Come, be a adult male. Put money in thy bag. Follow thou these wars it can non be that Desdemona should long go on her love to the Moor. If though const cuckhold him, thou dost thyself a pleasance me a athletics ” This shows the kernel of why Iago is doing this destructive love being the external influence pull stringsing their relationship taking it to destruction. If for case looking back at the Act 1 if Othello chose Iago to be lieutenant so his fuel of jealously and envy would non be at that place in the first topographic point so this suggests that Othello instigated his ain destructive love through another character. Alternatively, Iago was non the lone character who had jealously for Othello, because Cassio had his ain docket as he was covetous of him and Desdemona. On the contrary to this one can reason that even though Iago did non acquire the place and “ one Michael Cassio ” did ; that there is besides another factor which could of instigated Iago ‘s green-eyed monster which was the rumor of Othello kiping with Emillia “ twixt Iago ‘s sheets. ” . This highlights the fact there is more than one incident within the drama which could hold added fuel to the fire already doing a destructive love between Othello and his married woman, Desdemona.
To reason although on a surface a facade of love is being presented, a more insightful reading that is bigger and demoing an overview of merchandises of external and some internal influences doing a destructive love conveyed in Othello, Romeo & A ; Juliet and Select Poems. Destructive love is seen in different positions by each writer at different periods of clip in which they were set demoing an influence that society had on the single authors. In Othello the chief cause of destructive love is the use and jealously which finally leads to the “ seed ” and the “ jealous monster ” in Othello himself to come out and do his ain destructive love by killing his married woman Desdemona. Likewise in Romeo & A ; Juliet the uninterrupted force per unit area from society and the “ Friar ” with the thought of feigning to be dead explicitly had a direct impact doing another destructive love. However from another angle of love Sylvia Plath highlights the consequence of the relationship between her male parent and her in the verse form ‘Daddy ‘ which had an impact on her existent life and the readings of her other verse form besides relate to the devastation of love in her life.