I believe that to improve our Correctional Facilities, we need to apply Social Learning Theory & Behavioral Therapy. Social learning theory is a perspective that states that people learn within a social context. Social learning theory talks about how both environmental and cognitive factors interact to influence human learning and behavior. It focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context. It considers that people learn from one another, including such concepts as observational learning, imitation, and modeling. Social learning theory has been applied extensively to the understanding of aggression and psychological disorders. Even though this theory hasn’t yet been used in correctional facilities around the US, I believe that I would have good out comes.
Social learning theory is used in many ways in everyday life, the most common examples of social learning situations are television commercials. Behavioral therapy is a form of therapy rooted in the principles of behaviorism. The school of thought known as behaviorism is focused on the idea that we learn from our environment. In behavioral therapy, the goal is to reinforce desirable behaviors and eliminate unwanted or maladaptive ones. Behavior Therapy Based on Classical Conditioning & Based on Operant Conditioning. Classical conditioning is one way to alter behavior, and a number of techniques exist that can produce such change. Originally known as behavior modification, this type of therapy is often referred to today as applied behavior analysis. Operant Conditioning has many behavior techniques rely on the principles of operant conditioning, which means that they utilize reinforcement, punishment, shaping, modeling, and related techniques to alter behavior.
These methods have the benefit of being highly focused, which means that they can produce fast and effective results. We should also bringing work back into prisons can benefit prisoners by teaching them job skills and filling unmet job needs. Making them less more likely to re-enter into the civilian world and decrease the likelihood of going back to prison. Also, punishment can be effective in changing behavior, but it only works in the short term and immediately after the unwanted behavior happens. While there is a place for punishment, it should be used in psychologically informed and effective ways. Over all, I believe if we use these two methods in or correctional facilities we can make it easier for inmates to re-enter the civilian world and decrease inmate population.