The Great Indian Novel Shashi Tharoor English Literature Essay

In his work ‘The Great Indian Novel ‘ Shashi Tharoor reinvents India with a eye-popping matrimony of Hindu myth and modern history. It is as Ayappa Panikar puts it

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“ A literary circuit de force[ 2 ]sabotaging the age old Indian complacence displayed in accepting everything antediluvian and anything foreign. It is a unusual vision of modern-day India retold in the attire of the ancient narrative of storytelling. ”[ 3 ]

In it is embedded the political commentary on the history of India since the coming of Gandhi. The characters in this political visit bear the names from the great heroic poem Mahabharata . Gandhi is Gangaji, Dhristarashtra is Jawaharlal Nehru, and Priya is Indira Priyadarshini. The narrative begins with Gandhi or Gangaji and moves to the yearss of Jawaharlal Nehru as the Prime Minister of India, and so to Lal Bahadur Shastri and Indira Gandhi. The fresh terminals with the yearss of National Emergency and the outgrowth of Janata Party, its expansive confederation, success in the polls and its licking subsequently on. the accent of the novel is on the personalities that dominated the scene and guided the fate of India during the period under description. It is a running commentary on the political events that took topographic point, on the failings of the leaders and the establishments of this state, and on the general apathy of people in India.

‘The Great Indian Novel ‘ is a modern English prose fresh whereas Ved VyasaaˆYs Mahabharata is an heroic verse form in Sanskrit. The author assumes a correlativity between ancient Hastinapur and pre-independent India. He opposes the thought that India is an under-developed state, since thosewho say so have no cognition of history. If they read the ‘Mahabharata ‘ , the ‘Ramayana ‘ and about the aureate ages of Mauryas, Guptas and Mughals, they would recognize that India was one time a place of glorification. He says ;

“ . . . I tell them that if they would merely read the ‘Mahabharata ‘ and the ‘Ramayana ‘ , study the Golden Ages of the Mauryas and the Guptas and even of those Muslim chaps the Mughals, they would recognize that India is non an developing state but a extremely developed one in an advanced

province of decay. ”[ 4 ]

What instead comes to the surface is the fact that India is at present in a province of moral debasement. At the same clip, the fact of the affair remains that non merely has India ‘s civilization advanced, but besides overdeveloped.

“ . . . in fact, everything in India is over – developed, peculiarly the societal construction, the bureaucratism, the political procedure, the fiscal system, the university web and, for that matters the adult females. ”[ 5 ]

The supporter of this novel is none other than Ved Vyasa who asks Brahma, the Godhead, to supply him with an helper to compose whatever he recites. Then Brahma selects Ganapathi with gargantuan caput, wide brow, tremendous bole, shrewd, intelligent eyes and is said to be a South Indian. He starts composing the heroic poem for Vyasa.

Mr. Veda Vyasa starts the narrative narrating his beginning wherein he presents the category favoritisms, which prevailed in the yesteryear. In the yesteryear, Brahmins, the traveling sages, journeyed a great trade in malice of the non-availability of proper conveyance system. They did non necessitate hotel engagements. Any family felt honoured by a visit from a holy adult male with a sacred yarn. Along with a housing, he would be offered his hostaˆYs cordial reception, nutrient and bed with his host ‘s girl. The responsibility of the host to his invitee, Atithi Dharma produced a great saint and narrator, Ved Vyasa.

“ Do n’t bury that we have a long tradition of Brahmins coming to the deliverance of bare Kshatriyas. It may hold fallen slightly into neglect in recent old ages, but it could be utile once more today ”[ 6 ]

On one such juncture, Ved Vyasa was born out of seduction of Satyavati, an angler ‘s girl by sage Parasharan. What follows following is the debut of the Britishers to confirm that the full narrative takes topographic point in colonised India. At first SatyavatiaˆYs matrimony is put to test by the British and subsequently the low entreaty of Ganga Datta is approved by the British Government. At this point Ganga Datta moves out as a adult male of universe with a loin-cloth to get celebrity. It is here that Bhishma is correlated to Mahatma Gandhi. The novel besides highlights him as a life fable as he is thorough with the Vedas, Tolstoy, the changeless Torahs of Manu and besides the doctrine of Ruskin.

Gangaji, even performs his, Dharma as a brother by seeking brides for his three brothers even though he deprives himself of the matrimonial pleasances. GangajiaˆYs personality is better expressed through this poetry:

“ Old Gangaji excessively

is a good Hindoo

for to go against a cow

would contradict his vow. ”[ 7 ]

One need non misconstrue that on history of his celibacy, Bhishma is blind to the ancient usage of matrimony. In the tribunal of Raja, Gangaji speaks about different ways of matrimony:

“ In our heritage there are many ways in which a miss can be given away-our ancient texts tell us that a girl may be presented, finely adorned and loaded with dowery, to an invited invitee. another manner of giving a miss is through the swayamvara ceremonial. Girls were besides given to Brahmins as gifts but in all our sacred books the greatest congratulations attaches to the matrimony of a miss seized by force from a royal assembly ” .[ 8 ]

The character of Gangaji and Gandhiji are intertwined at assorted points. Gandhiji had a fringy Dharma towards his household. Unlikle Ganga, he got married but could non execute his Grihasthashram Dharma wholly. He could n’t be a male parent to his kids but has transcended his place and performed his Dharma well towards his state. Though he was unable to be a proper male parent to his two kids, he became the male parent of the Indian state. Here, one has to look at Dharma at two degrees. There are in Hindu Sastras two sorts of Dharma: the lower jussive mood and the higher jussive mood. A great adult male had chosen the latter to the exclusion of the former. To be the male parent of his ain kids is Dharma of a lower order. To take a state and be its male parent is to prefer a higher fate. Gandhiji adores India and says:

“ We are a land of traditions, ” he declared, “ tradition with which even the British have non dared to fiddle ”[ 9 ].

Gangaji can be better understood through the words of Amba:

“ Be like you with your clyster, and your breechcloths? ”[ 10 ]

After GangajiaˆYs rejection of Amba the state of affairs is typically politicized, which is apparent through the words:

“ GangajiaˆYs celebrity had spread beyond the boundaries of Hastinapur, and no bravo in the whole of India was willing to accept her contract ” .[ 11 ]

Traveling back to ‘Mahabharatha ‘ , Vichitravirya dies childless and as customary Ved Vyasa was called on to deliver the waste Kshatriyas. Thus, the blind Dhritarashtra and Vidur were born.

However, the Gangaji-Gandhiji designation seems to interrupt down at some important phases in the narrative. Hence K. Ayyappa Paniker says:

“ It is rasabhasa instead than pure rasa that dominates. This makes the work a mock heroic poem as was intended by Tharoor ” .[ 12 ]

In order to construct up the spread between the old and the new, Ved VyasaaˆYs ‘Mahabharata ‘ to some extent is related to the autobiographies of Rajaji, Nirad C. Choudhuri and Gandhiji. Tharoor in this fresh attempts to superpose the political events of the 20th century on the basic construction of the ‘Mahabharata ‘ . He successfully brings about the transmutation of an ancient myth into modern-day political relations.

After neglecting in his Grihastha Dharma, Gangaji starts transforming himself into a sage, an impersonal, adult male of action. The transmutation of the ‘man ‘ into ‘humane ‘ can be clearly witnessed through the words of Churchill:

“ Problem is, he is now traveling further. Preaching a batch of darn bunk about equality and justness and what have you. And you tell me he cleans his ain lavatory, alternatively of allowing his darn bhisti do it ” .[ 13 ]

Gangaji tries to eliminate category differentiation. To some extent he even inquiries the ‘Varna Dharma ‘ . Britons look down upon Hindustan & A ; Hindustani, noticing on the distinctive features of grammatical gender in Hindustani.

“ I mean is at that place any good ground why a tabular array should be feminine and a bed masculine? DaˆYyou think it has to make with what you do on them ” .[ 14 ]

Sir Richard, farther says:

“ these native linguistic communications do n’t truly hold much to them. ”[ 15 ]

Gangaji starts endangering the Britons by speaking about Swaraj, Self regulation and pan-Indian patriotism. After the 1857 rebellion or mutiny, there is an optimistic lead, when Queen Victoria had thrown the doors of the ICS unfastened to indigens. The novelist trade names this as an administrative metal. Vidhur is an ICS officer. He waxes articulately on the ‘Guru-Sishya-Dharma ‘ . Through his words we realize the importance of Guru.

“ The sastras say that the word of a guru is jurisprudence to his adherents ”[ 16 ].

The Dharma of the pupils towards their instructors is emphasized. However much Gangaji is involved in the higher Dharma of his duty to the state, he does non prefer his basic responsibility to his wards. He gets Dhritarashtra and Pandu married to suited adult females. In contrast to Gangaji, Gandhiji is wholly detached from his duties towards his household. But he tries to carry through political Dharma in the thick of a simple life.

Gangaji besides goes on to utilize his arm of noncompliance to demo his obeisance towards his state, a arm to pay a moral war against the British.

“ Cryptic ammo of truth-force, the strength of unarmed slogan-chanting demonstrators, falling defenseless under the hail of constabulary Lathis: the power of moving ridge after moving ridge of Khadi-clad work forces and adult females weaponries and voices raised, triumph of non-violence over the organized force of the province, the victory of au naturel pess over hobnailed boots, the licking of statute law by the amazing strength of silence? “ .[ 17 ]

Tharoor farther goes on to knock and satarise the pseudo-educated Indians. Brahmacharya Dharma is a construct that the Westerners can non so easy understand. Western-educated Indians with their accent on wickedness can non appreciate the sublimation of sexual urges that the saints pattern. He considers this as an outgrowth of the British educational system in India. Hence, Gangaji ‘s celibate experiments are ridiculed. He is to the full convinced of the fact that Gangaji needs our attending and congratulations since he lived a life of arrant simpleness. Therefore, descendants should save no attempts to laud this great personality.

“ We Indians can non defy compeling the immature to Transport our loads for us. The schools and colleges, to tag the centennial every bit good, with more Addresss more aˆ¦for the small scrubbed kids who had inherited the freedom Gangaji had fought so difficult to accomplish ” .[ 18 ]

By now Gangaji deserts his house and lives in a simple house built on a river bank, which he calls an Ashram ( mention to Sabarmati ) with his followings drawn from all castes including ‘the kids of God ‘ ( Harijan ) . This is done to traverse the boundaries of category differentiations and untouchability. He gives an history of the awful societal and economic conditions of the provincials of Mothihari. This is the topographic point where Gangaji for the first clip actively champions the cause of the people through peaceable agencies exhibiting his human responsibility, i.e. , manavata Dharma. With this he now rises to the degree of a hero. The expansive move of the baronial freedom combatant is expressed therefore:

“ Ganga took the issue of freedom to the people as one of simple right and incorrect, jurisprudence versus scruples ” .[ 19 ]

The Motihari incident shows GangajiaˆYs spiritual and caste tolerance.

“ In Motihari they flocked to him, irrespective of caste or faith. Untouchables, Muslims, Banias, all rubbing shoulders in his run ” .[ 20 ]

Gangaji besides criticizes the unwanted imitation of westerners by Indians. He urges the Indians to follow a life manner that is suited to their ain demands and necessities. He asks Indians to hold their ain svadharma and makes them recognize that, so long as it is valid, there is no demand to give up their ain Dharma and follow person else ‘s which does non accommodate them.

“ Mine is a frock, which is best suited to the Indian clime and which for its simpleness, art and bargain rate, is non to be beaten on the face of the Earth. Above all, it meets hygienic demands far better than European garb. Had it non been, for a false pride and every bit false impressions of prestigiousness, English work forces here would long ago have adopted the Indian costume. ”[ 21 ]

Gangaji wins the Black Marias of 1000000s of Indians. They throng his ashram to hold glance of him.

“ Now of a few hundred, non of a 1000 people. work forces, adult females, even some kids, squeezed uncomplainingly against each other, waiting with forbearance instilled in them of all time timeless centuries ” .[ 22 ]

Therefore we see Gangaji ( Gandhiji ) , raised to the degree of a life fable. But what awaited the readers amongst all this was the entire deficiency of ‘Dharma ‘ on the portion of the Britishers.

“ There was no warning, no megaphone reminder of the illegality of their fold, no direction to leve peacefully, nil. Rudyard did non even command his work forces to fire into the air or at the pess of their marks. They fired at his orders into the thoraxs and the faces and the uterus of the unarmed, unsuspicious crowd ” .[ 23 ]

Such is how the Jallianwallah Bagh incident is represented as Bibigarh Gardens slaughter in the novel. The ferociousness of this incident makes them recognize that weaponries and ammo would non function the intent of driving off the British. Gangaji therefore says:

“ There is no point in taking a method at which your opposition is bound to be superior. We must contend with those arms that are stronger than theirs – the arms of morality and truth ” .[ 24 ]

What follows this is the Quit India motion. Peoples, irrespective of their faith, March Forth to take retaliation on Rudyard. A Punjabi error Professor Kipling to Rudyard and blows him into pieces, for which he is taken to gallows. This incident inspires Pandu. On watching the ghastly developments, Vidhur who is in ICS proposes to discontinue the service but is convinced by Dhritarashtra to remain on.

The clip comes when Gandhari and Dhristarashtra give birth to a girl ; Priya Duryodhani who grows up to govern all India. On one manus Gandhari fails in her Dharma to her hubby every bit good as to her girl. Ghandhari of Mahabharata is blind-folded whereas Kamala is invalid. While on the other Dhritrashtra excessively proves unpatriotic to his married woman and as a true politician guides his girl non as a male parent but as political trainer into a political use. Dhritarashtra has taken his political calling as the head concern in his life. He has therefore neglected his grihastha Dharma and preparing his girl as a politician shows his precedences.

Not merely this, but Dhritharashtra takes an active function in political relations. He sees the universe non as it is, but as he wants it to be. He is a dreamer to convert everyone around him. In short, he becomes the cardinal figure of the Kaurava Party ( Congress Party ) . He is of all time supported by Gangaji, who is the Party ‘s political and religious wise man.

He is a steadfast truster in ideological flirtings, the passionate strong beliefs, and expansive sweeping gestures of rules. The agitation spread into East Bengal where it destroys the jute industry, where the struggle is between the working category and the direction. To contend the capitalists Gangaji under the aid of Sarah More goes on a hungriness work stoppage. Gangaji says:

“ Fast is my concern ” .

Gangaji ‘s fast receives enormous response from the multitudes. The people followed him like “ a first of a edgy vent ” . Our so called failing now transforms into a mighty arm and attains momentous victory. At this occasion, the writer correlatives and criticizes the present twenty-four hours ‘s ‘relay fast ‘ that is the arm of today ‘s politicians, where different people take it in turns to lose their repasts in public. The sacred arm has now become a politician ‘s flagellum.

Gangaji is greatly impressed by Dhritarashtra and in no clip the Party realizes that he is Gangaji ‘s adult male. In the beginning, Pandu is considered to be the natural inheritor to Gangaji but he in bend indulges Dhritarashtra and relieves Pandu. Pandu takes the Party streamers into the remotest small towns and is considered a political militant. On the other manus, Dhritarashtra turns the talk halls and run intoing suites of urban India and becomes a celebrated Indian leader after Gangaji. Pandu is ever impatient of DhritarashtraaˆYs oratorical cocksureness. Dhritarashtra has small clip for Pandu ‘s throwback traditionality. Therefore, there is a turning rift between these two work forces.

In the struggle between Dhritarashtra and Pandu may be seen how Dharma for which both of them are contending adopts different agencies. Dhritarashtra, who all the clip negotiations about democracy, is turn toing the elect minority, while Pandu takes the message to the grass root degree, which shows there is non one way of Dharma, but waies of Dharma.

The mass waking up and civil noncompliance seem to travel the British at last, and they agree to speak to Indians. Gangaji is selected as the representative of India for a unit of ammunition table conference. As a consequence, the British resoluteness to go on to govern indefinitely for our ain good because they believe that Indians can ne’er hold amongst themselves. The following measure in freedom battle is the ‘Great Mango March ‘ ( Dandi March ) against Clive ‘s regulation of revenue enhancement. In this context, Pandu shows us how Gangaji politicizes the simple act of eating a Mangifera indica. Finally, during this March, Gangaji announces Dhritarashtra as the leader in his absence.

In the class of the ‘March ‘ , he criticizes the unscrupulous ways in which the celebrated politicians behave. He says that the people who follow them stand in the hot Sun: get beaten up by the constabulary and are sent to normal cells: whereas the celebrated leaders get their exposures in newspapers, remainder and are put in a comfy cell with regard. Meanwhile, the Kaurava Party with its civil noncompliance is successfully processing frontward against the British regulation.

In this context, we must non bury that India is an uneven mixture of different castes, credos, faiths, etc. , the bulk being Hindus. So the British think of the aˆzdivide and regulation policyaˆY . They provoke the Muslims against the patriots. Therefore, Gaga Muslim group is started under the leading of Gaga Shah. Meanwhile Mohamad Ali Karna who was an active, gifted attorney is working with the Kaurava Party. When the members of the Kaurava Party knock his household, he merely leaves the Party and goes back to London where he keeps himself in touch with Indian political relations. He gets out of the Kaurava Party non because he is a Moslem but because he finds in Gangaji excessively much of a Hindu. Karna even criticizes the rubric given to Gangaji. He says no 1 can of all time be a “ Mahaguru ” but merely can be “ great scholar ” .

Subsequently he is invited by Gangaji into the Muslim group. He is made its president. Now, he besides launches a campaign against the Britishers, Karna ‘s ( Muslim League ) group declares itself for the first clip in favor of freedom from the British, ‘Independence without Hindu domination ‘ , is Karna ‘s new motto. Karna joins the Muslim group merely because it is the lone available political option, which at least enjoys certain prestigiousness in the eyes of the British, and because it has the best potency. This is the minute when we see two different parties with different norms working for the same cause, i.e. , achieving freedom from British. The terminal though is the same, but the waies are different.

Priya Duryodhani, girl of Dhritarashtra is a little, frail miss, with a long thin tapering face, dark superciliums, high-ridged olfactory organ, looking like a instructor when she is hardly old plenty to be enrolled at school. Dhritarashtra addresses all his letters from prison to his girl Priya. She is deprived of her childhood pleasances and spends most of her life beside her female parent ‘s bed. Her male parent ‘s letters are her books of cognition, which put her to action. She acts merely harmonizing to the dictates of her ain conscienceless head. Here, Tharoor stresses the function of parents in modeling the life of kids by stating:

“ Possibly things might hold been different had Dhritarashtra taken her in manus, instead than his Pen ” .[ 25 ]

Through these lines, the author gives the importance of healthy husband-wife relationship, which has a greater impact on the wellness and mind of their kids, which for this fast moving universe is a affair of great concern. Very much like Dhritrashtra many a parents in the tally of geting wealth neglect their kids a great trade which in bend has its effects on their guiltless immature heads. It is for us to understand the value of familial relationships in our ain lives and the lives of our kids and its effects.

Gangaji ‘s talk with the Viceroy paves the manner for the constitution of a new political system wherein Indians will be elected as officers in the states, even if with limited powers. At this minute, Pandu declares himself to be a campaigner against Dhritarashtra. Gangaji, being an aged adult male of political relations, sides with Dhritarashtra and nominates a Harijan. Though Pandu has won the election, he is unable to go on on power for a long clip, because of internal clangs and besides because he has lost Gangaji ‘s support. He resigns and goes abroad. Pandu is the laminitis of Swatantra Sena ( Azad Hind Fauj ) . In coaction with the Japanese, he fights the conflict at the cost of his life, in a plane clang while winging back to India.

Back in India, Karna ‘s group, which could non win noticeable seats, thinks of inquiring the Kauravas for a alliance Government. However, the Muslims of the Kaurava group headed by Mohammad Rafi oppose the thought. During the Second World War the Viceroy thinks of affecting the Indians, but the advisors protest on the count that they need n’t be asked to contend as, it is their responsibility being one of the King Emperor ‘s topics.

When the declaration of the war is made without confer withing the elected Kaurava Ministries in the provinces, the Mahaguru ‘s followings resign their offices jointly. Karna takes advantage of this political crisis when the Kauravas are busy with their ‘Quit India Movement ‘ , and are put behind the bars. Jayaprakash Drona, declares one-person conflict against the British. Mohammad Ali Karna throws a payoff of new political entity where they could govern undisputed, a province carved out of IndiaaˆYs Muslim bulk country, which is called as ‘Karnistan ‘ . With an impulse for Karnistan, KarnaaˆYs group is involved in vandalistic activities like firing vehicles, gutting the places, plundering stores, etc. In order to set an terminal to all these, the Mahaguru thinks in footings of the unthinkable activity, i.e. , the division of the Motherland. The struggle goes beyond control and the British label it as a “ Civil War ” .

The British so decide to alter the Viceroy. The adult male therefore selected was Viscount Drewpad. He moves on to India with his married woman Georgina. During the current political crisis, Gandhari dies and Priya is consoled by her male parent. At last Viscount Drewpad summons up the representatives of the three parties, Kauravas, Sikhs and Muslim groups and announces that the British Government is ready to reassign the power to the Indian Self-government but he asks them to decide the struggles between the groups and come as one before15 August, 1947.

The Kauravas have a difference of sentiment sing the divider of India. Gangaji is against it and is supported by Rafi. However, the other Kauravas led by Dhritarashtra feel that there is no other option. GangajiaˆYs position is non accepted for the first clip. He renounces political relations. Karnistan is eventually divided from Indian state in the maps by the Geographers. It involves hiting, hitting, injuring, ravishing, killing and plundering. Gangaji sees aggregate force and anguish across the land.

Meanwhile Dhritarashtra who is active in political relations and has besides become a close familiarity of Drewpad, falls into an matter with Lady Drewpad. To set it in Dhritarashtra ‘s words

“ At the hr of darkness, as the universe sleeps, India awakens to click of freedom ” .[ 26 ]

Humour enables the author to state many unpalatable things and acquire off with such statements. Ceremonial atmosphere on the Eve of independency is compared to the cheers of the sort that greets the terminal of Ram Lila public presentation. When the devil has been slain and the gianteffigy of Ravana, the foreigner male monarch who has crossed the sea to assume IndiaaˆYs artlessness, is ceremoniously set ablaze. The lone adult male who does non take part in the jubilations is Gangaji. He merely hears the calls of the helpless victims. Though he had preached brotherhood, love and chumminess in battle, the strength of non-violence and the power of psyche force, it is all in vain now. At last, Shikhandin who is waiting for an chance shoots Mahatma with her gun.

Even after Drewpad leaves India on 26 Jan, 1950, his married woman sporadically visits Dhritarashtra which consequences in a pre-mature babe named Draupadi Mokrasi.[ 27 ]Now India is in a procedure of regeneration. We are all in a province of continual perturbation and are in the procedure of constructing a life, a character and a passage that emerges and sustains us in each wining crisis, which is our Dharma.

The major job is related to a big, scenically beautiful and inveterate under developed northern province of Manimir. As Manimir has Muslim dwellers and is ruled by a non-muslim swayer, Indians and Karnistan claim it to be theirs. The Kaurava Party supports the Manimir National Congress of Sheikh Azharuddin against Mr. Singh ‘s undemocratic regulation. When India is in a quandary to back up Azhar or non, the defense mechanism ministry headed by Khushkismat Singh informs Mr. Prime Minister, that Karnistan has invaded Manimir by naming some pathan tribesmen. Vidur, the principal secretary for integrating moves on to Devpur ( Jammu ) , the capital of Manimir and meets the Maharaj at an uneven hr to convert him to subscribe the instrument of accession. Equally shortly as the accession to India is announced, the first Kaurava – Karnistan war begins.

Sheikh Azharuddin, Manimir National Congress leader, welcomes the Indian military personnels and convinces the people against Karnistan and educates them with the chances of democracy offered by the Indians. The Karnistan ‘s ground forces is so pushed back from Manimir, and it is decided that Dhritrashtra would appeal to the U.N. As is unexpected by the Prime Minister, the United Nations declares it as a “ disputed district ” . It is besides over Manimir that Dhritarashtra foremost reveals the technique of political self-perpetuation. In the ulterior old ages, he develops it into a all right art, when he is criticised openly within the Kaurava Party, he quickly silences them by offering his surrender. Though he efficaciously resigned yet the fire of this disputed district continues to fire the Indian state even today and no 1 knows where the terminal of this wretchedness lies. Whether or non peace will of all time reign in this land, whether or non the people here will be able to take a breath an air which is free from all the force of which they all our victims since ages.

The Prime MinisteraˆYs political calling is keenly observed by his girl Priya. Till Independence, the battle was against British regulation, but, now in free India, the common adult male ‘s battle is against the Indian regulation. Jayaprakash Drona moves out with his six supporters for some constructive work i.e. , Bhudan motion in rural countries which shakes the political balance of the Kaurava Party.

Drona, with his land reforms, reaches the Black Marias of the Indian husbandmans. He voices protest against the P.M ‘s thought of “ New temples ” alternatively of the old 1s. Vidur helps him indirectly. Therefore, when the state of affairs is one time once more the same as before, Karna, the leader of Karnistan, dies. Dhritarashtra along with Priya is successful in conveying about the modern industrial revolution.

“ India was good on the manner to going the 7th largest industrial power in the universe, whatever that may intend, while 80 per centum of her people continued to miss electricity and clean imbibing H2O ” .[ 28 ]

What lies in the above lines is the irony proposing how Dhritrashtra had failed in [ supplying basic comfortss to the common multitudes.

Dhritarashtra learns a lesson from Kanika that there is something for which cannons are more effectual than conferences. With this rule, India marches frontward in war with Chakar for the ownership of Tibia, which is in no clip taken over successfully by Chakars.

The underfed, ill-clad soldiers suffer a batch but celebrity goes to the Defence Ministers and the politicians who simply give hypocritical addresss. After Chakars snatch off Tibia, unfavorable judgment in the Party is blatant and unrestrained. The military humiliation non merely shattered Kanika ‘s self-esteem, but it besides bleeds his bosom. Kanika resigns. With this, Dhritarashtra ‘s reign ends and his spirit has wholly evaporated.

As there is no adult male of truly national stature to win Dhritarashtra, the Kaurava Party decides to hold a corporate leading, with the Working Committee efficaciously in bid. They selected Shisupal as the Prime Minister. Karnistan underestimate Shisupal and attempts a 2nd grab at Manimir. As our ground forces learned a batch from the Chakar humiliation, they hit back at Karnistan really hard. When Shishupal marks the peace pact, the Canis aureuss at place flip him to ageless slumber but Shisupal dies carry throughing his Dharma for the state. But the ‘peace ‘ that their state has got is ironical.

Subsequently, Priya Duryodhani was given a opportunity to go the P.M. because she was merely a adult female and she would adorn the office, so that the Kaurava Working Committee can move consequently. The phrase " merely a adult female ” shows us the stature of adult female in the post-independence India, peculiarly in the country of Indian Politicss.

The Pandavas start deriving importance in the Indian political relations. In this context, Draupathi Mokrasi represents the Indian independency and the Pandavas are entrusted to be its defenders. Arjun moves from Delhi to Kerala where he meets D. Krishna Parthasarathi who becomes hisfriend and promises to be his advisor subsequently on. Priya ‘s reign is competently named as " The reign of panic ” because it has destroyed the integrity and morality of the Kaurava Party. In its 4th general elections, the Kaurava Party loses seats all over the state, but retains its power. So, Yudhistir inquiries the leading of Priya, and so he is appointed as the Deputy P.M.

Draupadi Mokrasi bit by bit becomes invalid. In order to pull the multitudes, Priya starts giving addresss about the immense forfeits made by her male parent and household for the cause of national independency. She entreaties to all " Progressive ” and " like-minded ” people outside the Kaurava Party to fall in her attempts. The first one to respond to her call is Ashwathama who fights against Privy purses to Ex-Maharajas and proposes the issue of nationalisation of Bankss, which is readily accepted by the Prime Minister. The measure is passed. In ‘Mahabharatha ‘ Aswathaman ever remains subservient to Drona. Whereas in ‘The Great Indian Novel ‘ , Aswathaman acts as an single entity in political relations. When Drona represents the Janata Party, he worked with Congress.

After a long period of military regulation, Jarasandha Khan ( personification of two parts, which can ne’er be united even with similar characters ) decides to name for elections and proposes to elect the leader based on the figure of the followings. In this facet, the East Karnistani population becomes all of a sudden the biggest plus. However, Zaleel Shah Jhoota opposes this proposal because tyrants like him are unable to digest the East KarnistanaˆYs domination. At this minute, Priya orders the Indian Army to strike the West Karnistan and gives back the E to the suffering 1000000s. Now Priya is maternalized and is called " Ma Duryodhani ” . Though Priya promises extensively, the bulk of our people continue to stay illiterate and besides lie below the poorness line. When the state of affairs turns worse than when it was under the British, more Torahs are made in the legislative act books authorising Priya to forbid, prescribe, prolate, or prostitute all the freedom that the national motion had fought for during the predating old ages.

Dharma even in The Mahabharata seems to intend otherwise at different times. Exigency instead than stable moralss seems to hold been practiced even by Krishna before, during and after the great war. The raja Dharma as it is known and practiced by the male monarchs is to continue, precaution and perpetuate their power. Both Chanakya and Machiavelli have many pieces of advice to the princes to maintain themselves in power. Machiavelli ‘s policy and Chanakya ‘s ‘niti ‘ can be taken as the basis of raja Dharma. Priya ‘s methods to prolong her in power are besides derived from this Dharma.

Drona emerges from his retreat and calls for a peopleaˆYs originating against Priya. Arjun ignores political relations and takes to non-political free-lance news media. Nakul takes over Vidur ‘s station in National Civil Service. Sahadev enters Indian diplomatic service. Drona preaches new civil noncompliance against the regulation of the Prime Minister. In Drona ‘s place province the main curate resigns and the ‘President ‘s regulation ‘ is imposed. Prime Minister is advised by a Bengali attorney Shakuni Shankar Dey to collar and incarcerate the fomenters. Yudhistir starts working actively with Drona for Janata Morcha or People ‘s Front. The besieging is accompanied by the declaration of a 20 point socio-economic programme, which the Government seems determined to implement. This shows the head of the Indians and illustrates both their resiliency and their self-absorption in the circumstance.

The life of the hapless becomes suffering. They are capable to random police torment, forced out of their places in the name of slum clearance run. Not merely this but they are besides into mandatory vasectomies in pursuit of population control.

Suddenly Priya suspends the besieging and calls for free general elections. She is really confident that she would brush the polls. The poles which are conducted at irregular intervals and at assorted degrees amid much ostentation and what the novel footings as the ‘Indian Tamasha ‘ . As usual ballot-boxes are stuffed, booths are captured, and the election functionaries, campaigners, workers and electors are assaulted, kidnapped and at times changeable. However, nil stops the franchise. Peoples feel that they have got a opportunity to take in a free election, between democracy and absolutism and besides between Dharmas and adharma. It is like the great conflict of Kurukshetra, the lone difference is that in the terminal it becomes a calamity. However, this war is barren of bloodshed. It is between good and evil. Assorted resistance cabals get together in a PeopleaˆYs Front. At last, the consequences are proclaimed and Priya is defeated by the Janata Front.

Yudhistir is elected as the Prime Minister by Janatha Front. Now Draupadi is rather healthy and her tegument is glowing with honor.

The new Prime Minister is stiff, consecutive backed and humourless and imbibe his ain piss. He besides gives addresss for the upheaval of the backward strata of the society. Priya is fixing secret plans against the Government. Drona is a blemished Mahaguru, because his goodness is non balanced by astuteness. The Government eventually falls.

" India, the land where truth and honor, heroism and Dharma were worshiped as the central rules of being, is now a state of weak, willed compromisers, of leaders unable to take, 0f rampant corruptness and endemic falseness, it is now a land where Dharma and responsibility have come to intend nil ” .[ 29 ]

Tharoor presents a position that it is non the attempts of Gangaji that got India its freedom – it is the matter of Dhritharashtra with Lady Drewpad that brought us freedom. Therefore, it is non Gangaji ‘s forfeit or Dharma that bought India its independency but kaama, the tierce of the purusharthas. It is an attractive originative place, filled with irony, sarcasm and jeer, but non truth.Thus the word Dharma is merely an phantom amidst the crud that the Indian political relations was and still continues to be.

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